Euphorbia tirucalli, Pencil Tree - Succulent Plant
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Interesting Fact: The unique pencil-like branches are responsible for getting vernacular name Pencil tree. Euphorbia tirucalli is a succulent, spineless, hardy green shrub, up to 3 m tall. The branches are cylindrical, smooth and glabrous-green, up to 8 mm in diameter, forming brush-like masses. The leaves are small and slender.The flowers are yellow, inconspicuous, and carried in clusters at the apex of the short branches o
|Plant Height||6 inch (15 cm)|
|Plant Spread||3 inch (8 cm)|
|Common Name||Firestick Plants, Sticks on Fire, African Milk Bush, Finger Tree, Indian Tree Spurge, Milk Bush, Milk Hedge, Naked Lady, Pencil Tree, Pencil Euphorbia, Pencil Cactus|
|Maximum Reachable Height||Up to 3 m|
|Bloom Time||Almost year-round|
|Difficulty Level||Easy to grow.|
Pencil Tree can be grown from seed, but they can be difficult to germinate (or even find). It is usually propagated by cuttings.
Re-pot with the following proportions: 3 parts of potting soil, 1 part of grit (pumice), 1 part of the horticultural-grade sand, 1/2 part of the compost etc.
|Sunlight||Full sun, partial sun, at least 4 to 6 hours of sunlight per day.|
|Watering||Low for the rainy season, Moderate for winter, More than moderate for a summer|
|Soil||A fast-draining medium such as cactus potting mix works best.|
|Temperature||22 to 35 degrees C|
|Fertilizer||Use any organic cactus fertilizer.|
brush-like branch masses
Summer is the best time to propagate Euphorbia tirucalli. Cut the 5-6 cm long pencil thickness stem. After taking a cutting, dip it in fresh water to stop the flow of latex, then allow the cutting to dry for a week and form a callous before potting it in moist sand or a cactus mix. place the plant in indirect bright light for 2-3 days then gradually move to a place where it will get 4-6 hrs of natural direct light is available.
At the time of pruning Euphorbia tirucalli cut to the base of each branch at its point of origin. Do not leave a stub sticking out of the stem. The best time to prune is in the spring when light and temperature have increased and the plant has started its active growing period. Remove any dead, damaged and diseased branches. This will both tidy up the plant and promote new growth.As a general rule, no more than 1/3 of the plant should be removed during any given pruning.
1. Sunlight- 4-6 hours of natural direct bright sunlight is required. 2. Soil- Soil or potting mixture should be well-drained, fertile and nutrient-rich. 3. Water-Water the plant when 3-4 inch surface soil layer feels dry to touch. 4. Fertilizer - Apply any organic fertilizer during the main growing season(February-June). 5. When plant overgrows in the current pot or after every 2 -3 years change the pot.
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