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Piper nigrum, Kali Mirch - Plant

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Black pepper is a flowering vine, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. When dried, the fruit is known as a peppercorn.

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1Piper nigrum, Kali Mirch - Plant
25 inch (13 cm) Grower Round Plastic Pot (Black)
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About Piper nigrum

Piper nigrum, Kali Mirch is a perennial woody spreading vine. It starts rooting readily where trailing stems touch the ground. The leaves are 5 to 10 cm long and 3 to 6 cm broad. The flowers are small and spherical fruits that ripen red. Indoor houseplants will not usually produce fruit.

The plants may bear fruit from the fourth or fifth year, and then typically for seven years.

Plant Specifications

Plant Height17 inch (43 cm)
Plant Spread 6 inch (15 cm)
*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
Common Name Common pepper, Kali mirch, Kali miri
Maximum Reachable Height Up to 4 m
Flower Colour Yellowish-green
Bloom Time Seasonal
Difficulty Level Easy to grow

Planting and care

  • The vines need to be trained early when they are young so tie or just weave them through trellis sections.
  • It is best to grow under trees as they provide shade and need to plant in free ventilation.
  • Apply leaf mulch and manure.
  • It is beneficial if shoots are pruned twice a year.
  • Fertilize the plant in spring just before new growth appears.
  • Watch for aphids on indoor plants and use soap water spray or Eucalyptus oil, Neem oil, and Citrus oil etc.
  • Do not over water as plant roots may rot.

    Piper nigrum care

    It is extensively cultivated there and elsewhere in tropical regions. A plant can be grown in soil that is neither too dry nor susceptible to flooding, moist, well-drained and rich in organic matter. It is best grown in sun-dappled areas or areas with a bright indirect sun.

    Sunlight Partial shade
    Watering Medium
    Soil Rich potting soil with good drainage
    Temperature 12 to 32 degrees C
    Fertilizer Use any organic fertilizer.
    Harvest Season Harvest when the first fruits begin to turn red.

    Piper nigrum special feature

    Black pepper is the worlds most traded spice.

    Piper nigrum uses

    Ornamental Use:

    • It may be grown in containers as a houseplant with an attached trellis or in a hanging basket

    Medicinal Use:

    • It is used in folk medicine
    • was believed to cure several illnesses, such as constipation, insomnia, oral abscesses, sunburn, and toothaches etc
    • Note: Please consult your health expert

    Culinary Use:

    • Famous spice

  • Frequently Asked Questions

    What part of black pepper plant is extracted?

    The part used is small grapelike berries and dried parts and fruits of the perennial pepper plant.

    How tall do black pepper plants grow?

    The black pepper plant is a woody climber and may reach heights of 10 metres of its aerial roots.

    How to prune black pepper plants?

    When the vines are six months old, the terminal shoots are pruned back to 3-4 nodes from the ground. Three terminal shoots are then trained up the post and there is no further pruning until the vine reaches the height of three quarter post.

    How to propagate black pepper plant?

    Commercially Black pepper is propagated by shoot cuttings.seed is also possible but not followed.

    Is black pepper a medicinal plant?

    Yes, as per the published research black pepper is a medicinal plant. Black pepper and its active compound piperine may have potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Note- please consult your health advisor before application or consuming of plants or plant parts.

    Is black pepper plant based?

    Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning.

    How to grow black pepper plant?

    Start your black pepper seeds indoors if you live in a cold climate through Seed, but it is possible not followed generally. To grow black paper plants Consider the following points. 1. Sunlight- More than 6 hours of natural direct bright sunlight is required. 2. Soil- Soil or potting mixture should be well-drained, fertile and nutrient-rich. 3. Water-Water the plant when 1-2 inch surface soil layer feels dry to touch. 4. Fertilizer - Apply any organic fertilizer during the main growing season. Note- for more details on growing please check above description on nurserylive.com

    What does the black pepper plant look like?

    Black pepper may be vining or have bushy, wooden stems. The plant has simple, alternating leaves that are oval in shape and produces clusters, or spikes, of 50 to 150 flowers.

    Are black pepper plant?

    Yes, it is a plant especially perennial climbing vine.

    Where to grow black pepper plant?

    Black pepper plants grow outdoor where more than 6 hrs. of bright light is available.

    Is black pepper a plant?

    It is perennial climbing vine of the family Piperaceae.

    How many black pepper plants per acre?

    At a spacing of 3 m × 3 m about 1110 seedlings / plants require per hectare.

    Is black pepper a nightshade plant?

    Black is from peppercorns (a fruit), which are not nightshades.

    Does black pepper hurt plants?

    The black pepper does not harm the plant. Black pepper can be added to water and sprayed on garden plants or household plants as a natural insecticide.

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