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Pongamia Pinnata, Karanj - Plant

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It is often planted as an ornamental and shade tree. This specie is commonly called Pongam, Karanj, or a derivation of these names.

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About Pongamia Pinnata

Pongamia pinnata, a fast-growing, hardy tree that is native to India and grows all over the world in sub-tropical climates. Pongamia grows robustly on dry, marginal land using its deep tap root and produces a large amount of oilseeds that can be mechanically harvested and processed using existing agriculture equipment.

Plant Specifications

Plant Height24 inch (61 cm)
Plant Spread 7 inch (18 cm)
*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
Common Name Pongamia Pinnata, Karanj, Indian Beech, Pongam Oiltree, Karanj, Honge ,Pungai nuga (Telugu), Naktam.
Maximum Reachable Height 8 meters
Flower Colour Purple, pink, and white
Bloom Time Annual
Difficulty Level Easy to grow

Planting and care

  • Probably ranges from Tropical Dry to Moist through Subtropical Dry to Moist Forest Life Zones.
  • Withstanding temperatures slightly below 0C to 50C and annual rainfall of 5 to 25 dm.
  • the tree grows wild on sandy and rocky soils, including oolitic limestone, but will grow in most soil types, even with its roots in salt water.
  • Pongamia Pinnata care

    Sunlight Full sun.
    Watering Draught taulerant
    Soil Can grow on most soil types ranging from stony to sandy to clay.
    Temperature Maximum temperature ranges from 27 to 38C and the minimum 1 to16C.
    Fertilizer Any organic fertilizers.

    Pongamia Pinnata special feature

    The flowers are used by gardeners as compost for plants requiring rich nutrients.

    Pongamia Pinnata uses

    Ornamental Use:

    • Ornamental shade tree

    Medicinal Use:

    • A thick yellow-orange to brown oil is extracted from seeds
    • Yields of 25% of volume are possible using a mechanical expeller
    • However, for village crushers average yield is 20%
    • The oil has a bitter taste and a disagreeable aroma, thus it is not considered edible
    • In India, the oil is used as a fuel for cooking and lamps
    • The oil is also used as a lubricant, water-paint binder, pesticide, and in soap making and tanning industries

    Frequently Asked Questions

    What is another name for a Pongamia Pinnata?

    Pongamia Pinnata is commonly known as Pongamia Pinnata, Karanj, Indian Beech, Pongam Oiltree, Karanj, Honge ,Pungai nuga (Telugu), Naktam.

    How tall do Pongamia Pinnata grow?

    On average Pongamia Pinnata grows 8 meters

    What color are Pongamia Pinnata?

    A Pongamia Pinnata plant bears flowers of color Purple, pink, and white

    When Pongamia Pinnata blooms?

    With enough light, Pongamia Pinnata may produce Purple, pink, and white flowers in Annual

    How hard is Pongamia Pinnata to grow?

    A Pongamia Pinnata is Easy to grow

    How much sunlight does a Pongamia Pinnata need?

    A Pongamia Pinnata prefers Full sun.

    How much water does a Pongamia Pinnata need?

    A Pongamia Pinnata prefers watering Draught taulerant

    What kind of soil does a Pongamia Pinnata need?

    A Pongamia Pinnata prefers Can grow on most soil types ranging from stony to sandy to clay.

    What temperature does a Pongamia Pinnata like?

    A Pongamia Pinnata prefers Maximum temperature ranges from 27 to 38C and the minimum 1 to16C.

    How often should I fertilize my Pongamia Pinnata?

    To encourage Pongamia Pinnata growth, Any organic fertilizers.

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