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Khair, Senegalia Catechu - Plant

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Catechu is an herb. The leaves, shoots, and wood are used to make medicine. It grows throughout India from the Himalayas to the South of India.

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About Khair

It is the moderate sized deciduous tree. It has rough bark which is dark gray-brown in color. It grows up to a height of 15 meters. The leaves are 8 -10 cm long. It has short curved stipular spines and rough grayish brown bark. The flowers are pale yellow in color.

They start appearing khair-tree in the month of June -August. Fruits ripen in January to March and remain in the tree for long. The young parts are dark brown to purple in color

Plant Specifications

Plant Height22 inch (56 cm)
Plant Spread 6 inch (15 cm)
*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
Common Name Cutch Tree, Black Catechu, Black Cutch, Cashoo, Catechu, Wadalee gum
Maximum Reachable Height 15-20 meters.
Flower Colour White or Pale Yellow
Bloom Time June-August
Difficulty Level Easy to grow

Planting and care

  • It is a hardy tree, does not require much care.
  • It requires full sun to grow well.
  • It is a drought tolerant plant, do not over water it.
  • Prune the tree in winter every year to maintain shape and size.
  • Prune the damaged and diseased branches from the tree.

    Khair care

    It is mainly propagated through the seeds. The seeds are mostly shown in the month of June. It is planted on sandy soil. The seeds germinate in the monsoons. Khair should be sown on mounds at least 61 to 76 cm in height so that the seedlings do not remain submerged in water for a long period.

    Sunlight Full sun
    Watering Moderately
    Soil Well drained and fertile sandy soil.
    Temperature 25-35 degrees C
    Fertilizer Apply any organic fertilizer every year during spring.

    Khair special feature

    The Khair tree signifies endurance and strength and it is a tree of Mrigashira Nakshatra.

    Khair uses

    Ornamental Use:

    • Best for avenue planting

    Medicinal Use:

    • The different parts of the tree have a variety of medicinal uses
    • Khair tree is very useful in dental problems
    • It gives relief in dry cough
    • It is also given in stomatis, Anaemia, Leprosy, Bronchitis, Pruritus, Diarrhoea, Polyuria
    • Its wood contains catechin, catechutanic acid and tannin
    • It is used externally for ulcers, boils and eruption of the skin
    • The juice of the fresh bark is given in haemoptysis
    • It is used to treat painful throat and cough

    Culinary Use:

    • Kattha (catechu), an extract of its heartwood, is used as an ingredient to give red color and typical flavor to paan

  • Frequently Asked Questions

    What is another name for a Khair?

    Khair is commonly known as Cutch Tree, Black Catechu, Black Cutch, Cashoo, Catechu, Wadalee gum

    How tall do Khair grow?

    On average Khair grows 15-20 meters.

    What color are Khair?

    A Khair plant bears flowers of color White or Pale Yellow

    When Khair blooms?

    With enough light, Khair may produce White or Pale Yellow flowers in June-August

    How hard is Khair to grow?

    A Khair is Easy to grow

    How much sunlight does a Khair need?

    A Khair prefers Full sun

    How much water does a Khair need?

    A Khair prefers watering Moderately

    What kind of soil does a Khair need?

    A Khair prefers Well drained and fertile sandy soil.

    What temperature does a Khair like?

    A Khair prefers 25-35 degrees C

    How often should I fertilize my Khair?

    To encourage Khair growth, Apply any organic fertilizer every year during spring.

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