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Vitex trifolia, Nirgundi - Plant

Vitex trifolia, Nirgundi - Plant
Note: The image is for reference purpose only. The actual product may vary in shape or appearance based on climate, age, height etc.
Vitex trifolia is a hardy plant; which required minimum care to grow.

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Vitex trifolia, Nirgundi Plant

Description for Vitex trifolia, Nirgundi

Plant height: 16 - 24 inches
Plant spread: 5 - 9 inches

Vitex trifolia is a deciduous shrub or small perennial plant. This plant can grow up to 4-meter height. Plants bear a purple flower year round and the inflorescence is terminal and axillary. Fruits are small black color berry.

This plant has compound leaves which consist of three leaflets. Upper leaves surface is green and lower surface is the grey color. This plant is very drought tolerant in nature.

Common name(s): Nirgundi, Arabian Lilac
Flower colours: Purple
Bloom time: Year-round
Max reacahble height: Up to 4 m
Difficulty to grow:: Easy to grow

Planting and care

Vitex trifolia is propagated by the seeds. Best suitable sowing time is monsoon season. Grow well in full to partial sunlight. You can plant into the pot or container using the potting mix as the soil, coco peat, and vermicompost.

Sunlight: Full to partial sunlight
Soil: Sandy loam soil
Water: Moderately
Temperature: 25-35 degree C
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer.

Caring for Vitex trifolia

  • Watering should be done early in the morning if the soil is dry.
  • Avoid overwatering.
  • You can prune the plant in the spring season to maintain the bushy.

Typical uses of Vitex trifolia

Special features: Drought tolerant and Hardy plant

Ornamental use: This plant is used for the ornamental purpose.

Medicinal use: The Nirgundi roots can use for diaphoretic and diuretic. A decoction can use in the treatment of fevers and liver diseases. Also, the leaves can use for treatment of anodyne, antiseptic, diuretic, emmenagogue, and febrifuge.

Note: Use only after consulting the specialist.


  • http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Vitex+trifolia
  • https://www.smgrowers.com/products/plants/plantdisplay.asp?plant_id=4015
  • https://florafaunaweb.nparks.gov.sg/special-pages/plant-detail.aspx?id=2548

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