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Barringtonia Acutangula, Samundarphal, Indian Oak ( 1 Kg ) - Seeds

Common name: Barringtonia, Freshwater Mangrove, Indian Oak, Indian Putat • Assamese: Hendol, Hinyol, Pani amra • Bengali: Hijal • Hindi: Hijagal, Hijjal, समुन्द्र फल, Samundarphal • Kannada: Mavinkubia, Niruganigily, Dhatripala • Malayalam: Attampu, Attupelu, Nir perzha • Marathi: Tiwar, Newar, Sathaphala, Samudraphala • Oriya: Nijhira • Sanskrit: Abdhiphala, Ambudhiphala, अम्बुज Ambuja • Tamil: Aram, Kadambu, Kadappai, ஸமுத்திரப்பழம samudra pazham • Telugu: Kurpa • Urdu: Samandarphal
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Barringtonia is an evergreen tree of moderate size, called by Sanskrit writers Hijja or Hijjala. The fruit is spoken of as Samudra-phala and Dhātriphala or ”nurse’s fruit,” and is one of the best known domestic remedies. Also called Stream Barringtonia or Itchy Tree (after a catepillar with irritant hairs that sometimes colonises the undersides of the leaves) Barringtonia is a tree 5-8 m tall with rough fissured dark grey bark. Leaves are obovate.

Red flowers are produced on pendulous racemes about 20cm long. Four sided fruits are produced periodically throughout the year. Partly deciduous in extended dry periods. This species grows on the banks of freshwater rivers, the edges of freshwater swamps and lagoons and on seasonally flooded lowland plains, commonly on heavy soils. Found in Madagascar and tropical Asia, amongst other places. Propagation is by seed.

Common name: Barringtonia, Freshwater Mangrove, Indian Oak, Indian Putat • Assamese: Hendol, Hinyol, Pani amra • Bengali: Hijal • Hindi: Hijagal, Hijjal, समुन्द्र फल, Samundarphal • Kannada: Mavinkubia, Niruganigily, Dhatripala • Malayalam: Attampu, Attupelu, Nir perzha • Marathi: Tiwar, Newar, Sathaphala, Samudraphala • Oriya: Nijhira • Sanskrit: Abdhiphala, Ambudhiphala, अम्बुज Ambuja • Tamil: Aram, Kadambu, Kadappai, ஸமுத்திரப்பழம samudra pazham • Telugu: Kurpa • Urdu: Samandarphal
Height: 9-12 m in height
Difficulty level: Easy

Planting & Care
Barringtonia acutangula flowers are in long pendulous racemes up to 40 cm long, and are fragrant, with bright red stamens. Petals are 6-10mm long. Fruits are bluntly quadrangular or ovoid, about 2.5-4.0 cm long, broadest in the middle, and contain one seed. Flower containing 4 wings when young.

Barringtonia acutangula seeds are black in colour, and used in medicinal remedies for nasal inflammation and colic. The tree is tolerant to a broad range of soils. Barringtonia acutangula is used for a wide range of medicinal purposes and its wood is also used as timber. Now it is used in research of pain-killing compound.

Soil: Tolerant of heavy clay soils with poor drainage, it can grow in a range of soils.
Use
Medicinal use:
  • This tree has long been used for medicine, timber and as a fish poison.

  • In traditional medicine, when children suffer from a cold in the chest, the seed is rubbed down on a stone with water and applied over the sternum, and if there is much dyspnoea a few grains with or without the juice of fresh ginger are administered internally and seldom fail to induce vomiting and the expulsion of mucus from the air passages.

  • More recently it has become the focus of research for pain-killing compounds.


Reference:
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Barringtonia.html

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