8 Urban Gardening Techniques You Need To Have A Beautiful City Garden
Are you living in a small our concrete urban apartment and have no idea how to bring the dash of green into your life? Well we are here to assist!
Urban garden layouts can be quite versatile, whether it's a balcony garden or a rooftop garden, so you don't have to live out in the country to enjoy growing your favourite plants and vegetables. With our urban gardening ideas, you'll find advice on how to start a garden of any size and will learn how to grow urban vegetable gardens and care for plants in the city, even if you live in an apartment.
You, too, can eat homegrown vegetables. All you need is creative bent of mind and you will be all sorted. Is there no backyard? No terrace? Not a problem! Use these urban gardening tips to add greenery to any porch, patio, or apartment balcony.
Containers, old tyres, barrels, unused buckets, shoes, watering cans, window boxes, or kiddie pools can all be used to grow food crops, fruits, and flowers.
Before Deciding on the layout of your Urban Garden, it is crucial to choose the right plants for your urban garden. How do you choose the right plants for your Urban garden?
A. Choose Plants According To your Conditions
Because many of the site conditions in an urban garden cannot be changed, it is critical to select plants that are appropriate for your location. Before choosing plants for direct planting in pots and containers determine the type of soil you have.
Plants that are suited to your soil conditions will perform best, but soil fertility can be changed and improved by adding organic matter, such as manure or garden compost.
Second most important factor is the amount of light that particular place gets. Whether that sunlight is direct, indirect, partial or full is also critical.
B. Check The Spread And Size Of Plants
When it comes to planting, size does matter. Plants must not only deal with soil and climate requirements, but they must also maintain a manageable size through pruning or naturally restrictive growth.
Before making a decision, it is always a good idea to conduct some research to determine the height and spread of a plant. This information should also give you an idea of how quickly the plant grows, with shrubs typically reaching full size after five years and trees reaching full size after ten years. With this knowledge, you can space the plants to avoid overcrowding when they are fully mature.
It's usually a good idea to plan your planting with a scaled design to ensure that plants have adequate room to grow. You can always fill in the gaps between plants with annuals, bulbs, or even vegetables until your permanent plantings mature.
C. The Maintenance Requirements
Consider how much time you want to spend maintaining your garden before choosing your plants and planting scheme. Maintenance in an urban garden will not be too intensive based on its size alone. There will always be some pruning, dividing, and transplanting, as well as the usual tidying, done over time.
You should be able to grasp their maintenance requirements and how they will fit into your schedule if you first research which plants are suited for your planting design.
After deciding on plants, we need to focus on possible layouts for your small space. Here we are suggesting you some tried and tested layouts to help you with the decision.
There are numerous gardening techniques available, but container gardening is one the most effective ways to start your gardening journey. Container gardening entails growing plants in pots or containers. It's a simple and enjoyable method to spruce up your porch or any apartment area Container plants are a great way to make your area more visually appealing. The question now is, which plants should be used in the containers?
Here is a list to help you out :
- Bougainvillaea Plants
- Geranium Plant
- Mogra Plant
- Ixora Plant
- Peace Lily Plant
- Dianthus Plant
These are just ornamental plants but container gardening is very much effective for growing your veggies garden too. You can start by growing herbs, tomatoes, chilles and much more.
Vertical gardening is the way to go if you're short on room or need to build some screening to provide privacy on a patio, deck, or balcony. Vertical gardening makes the most of your growing space by using upright growth habits or containers.
It's a strategy that works both indoors and outside! Indoors, brighten a kitchen or a bare wall, and when creating a vertical garden outdoors, make your boring walls prettier. You can also plant a kitchen garden by your back door or decorate a drab external wall.
In a vertical environment, many various varieties of houseplants, annuals, perennials, and shrubs work well, so you're not limited in what you may use.
Additional outdoor vertical growing area can be created by using window boxes, hanging pots, or a garden structure such as a trellis or tuteur.
Here are few Plants that work very well in a vertical garden :
- Spider plant
- Agloenema Lipstick plant
- Peace lily
- Money Plant
A simple approach of constructing compact, organised, and very productive kitchen gardens is square foot gardening. It was conceived as a better way to cultivate a vegetable garden by Mel Bartholomew, a backyard gardener, retired engineer, and efficiency expert, and it became a major hit when he introduced the idea to the gardening public in 1981 in his book Square Foot Gardening.
The main idea is this: Make a small garden bed (4 feet by 4 feet or 4 feet by 8 feet are typical sizes) and split it into a grid of 1-foot squares that you tend separately. Each vegetable's seeds or seedlings are planted in one or more squares, with a density determined by plant size.
There is no wasted area because there are no walkways, and the dirt in the bed stays loose.Intensive planting allows you to get a lot of produce from a small space, making it excellent for gardeners with limited space.
Square foot gardening is a terrific approach for first-timers because it's a simple way to start a new garden (particularly with the updated method of using a raised bed filled with soilless mix). You can put your raised bed almost anywhere, including on grass or tarmac, and you can build, fill, and plant it in just a few hours!
Because the garden is small and you only have a few specified activities to complete each day, you only need to spend a few minutes at a time planting, maintaining, and harvesting.
4. Hanging Basket Plants :
Looking for a method to show off your indoor garden while also giving your home a fresh lease on life? Hanging planters are an excellent way to add lush, green intrigue and beauty to every corner of your home or apartment. They're also on-trend and perfect for folks with compact living spaces because they don't take up any floor or surface space.
You can even create your own indoor edible garden using herbs like thyme, rosemary, oregano, curry, or bay leaf by planting them in your hanging baskets. You don't have a green thumb, do you?
Not to fear; there are many of well-known low-maintenance plants to add to your indoor landscape, such as philodendrons or rubber plants. You can also go with artificial plants, which designers and decorators agree look great.
One of the best aspects of hanging planters is that they are a simple and inexpensive DIY project that anyone can do.
Not convinced with attaching your plants with walls or in Hanging Planters ? Don’t worry, We have another solution for you, Shelf Gardening. A garden shelf is a lovely way to display the results of your green thumb. If you have a small balcony and want to make the most of it, consider putting shelving along the walls to create more uncrowded green area. The plants' height will draw the eye upward, giving the impression of a larger balcony.
A garden shelf can significantly increase the amount of space available for your plants while only requiring a small amount of time and work to construct. This can be a fun DIY too that can be undertaken alone or with your family.
Before you start making your own garden shelf, decide the type of plants you will be picking up for your shelves. Try choosing plants that are not heavy to adjust the weight.
A window Sill garden is basically a garden planned and planted right on your window sill either indoors or in a hanging window box outside your home.
Window sill gardens are a great space-saving option for gardeners who don’t have large outdoor gardening space or open balconies to keep their plants.
You can grow flowers, creepers, herbs and even a few veggies on your window sill provided with proper planning.
You just need to make sure that there is enough light and your potting soil is right for the conditions prevalent on your window sills. Window sill gardens are also cost-effective and easy to get started with.
Fill the pots with potting soil carefully after selecting the plants and containers. As you do so, make sure that each container has at least one drainage hole. After filling the pots with soil, transplant the plant starts or directly sow the seeds into the container. Water the plant thoroughly before placing it on the windowsill.
Check the top inch (2.5 cm) of soil once a week or as needed to water the pots. Water the base of each plant gently until the potting mix is thoroughly saturated if the container is dry. Plant stress and disease spread can be caused by overwatering.
Fence planters are one of the most effective methods to brighten up a terrace fences or railings by bringing the colours of flowers and plants up to eye level from the ground. It can truly bring a garden to life and is a terrific way to give your backyard some flair.
Some people, the handy ones, can make homemade planters out of almost anything, while others prefer to buy them ready-made.
Window boxes are insanely popular among urban gardeners who do not have access to a garden or a roof where they can grow plants. Accent your home with several vertical layers or horizontal rows of window boxes to soften a concrete structure.
Planting colourful flowering annuals or perennials will draw the attention of passers-by. Alternatively, to grow herbs, simply place a window box inside a kitchen window. You can also start a veggie garden in these boxes or can create a romantic flower garden to get the movie vibe check.
Urban gardening allows people to socialise while also contributing to society's social and emotional well-being. It encourages community participation not only among the general public but also among individuals and families, making community events more realistic and manageable.
Furthermore, because of fertilisers, harmful chemicals, and other trash, urban gardening does not pollute soil as much as traditional agriculture and iit promotes healthy environmental regeneration by improving air and water quality, preserving urban ecological biodiversity, and promoting water and organic waste recycling.
With all techniques we have mentioned above, it will be easier for you to going on your urban gardening journey and we are sure you will do a great job. So get up and start the work now !