Among the principal pines found in India, chir pine is the most important. Native to the Himalayas, it is good as a street tree too. This is one of the least exacting of the Himalayan trees growing sometimes on bare rocks where only a few species are capable of existing.Common name:
Chir pine, Himalayan longleaf pine, ChirColor:
red-brown Bloom time:
June to frostHeight:
30 ft.Difficulty level:
easy to growPlanting & Care
Gather longleaf pine seeds in late autumn after the cones have ripened and begun to split open. Collect one or two cones and place them in a paper bag. Put the bag in a very warm, dry area for six to eight weeks, or until they drop their seeds. br> Determine which seeds are viable. Place them in a bucket filled with cool water and soak them for 24 hours. Throw away seeds that float to the surface since they are probably hollow or rotten. Collect the seeds that sink to the bottom of the bucket.Sunlight:
60° to 74° FFertilizer:
Apply any organic fertilizerCare:
- Sow the seeds in individual 4-inch pots filled with a mix of equal parts medium-grit sand, perlite and sterile potting soil.
- Press the seed into the surface of the sand mixture so it is halfway buried but still exposed to light.
- Cover the seed with a very thin layer of pine needle mulch.
Place the potted seeds inside a lightly shaded cold frame.
- Warm the pots to 70 Farenheit using a germination mat.
- Leave the mat on at night.
- Cover the pots with a loose sheet of clear plastic wrap to help hold the warmth and moisture around the seed.
- Water the seeds whenever the sand mixture feels barely damp in the top inch.
- Add water until it trickles from the bottom of the pot.
- Avoid overwatering the seeds or letting them dry out completely because either situation will lower the likelihood of successful germination.
Grow the longleaf pine in its original container for two to three weeks. Transplant it into an 8-inch pot filled with a mixture of half medium-grit sand and half loam once the seedling produces its first set of true needles. UseMedicinal use:
- Unverified information The turpentine obtained from the resin of all pine trees is antiseptic, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifuge.
- It is a valuable remedy used internally in the treatment of kidney and bladder complaints and is used both internally and as a rub and steam bath in the treatment of rheumatic affections.
It is also very beneficial to the respiratory system and so is useful in treating diseases of the mucous membranes and respiratory complaints such as coughs, colds, influenza and TB.
- Externally it is a very beneficial treatment for a variety of skin complaints, wounds, sores, burns, boils etc and is used in the form of liniment plasters, poultices, herbal steam baths and inhalers.
- The wood is diaphoretic and stimulant.
- It is useful in treating burning of the body, cough, fainting and ulcers
for medicinal use, please consult appropriate doctor before use.