The aromatic root of American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) resembles a small parsnip that forks as it matures.
American ginseng is a herbaceous perennial plant in the ivy family, commonly used as Chinese or herbal medicine. An extract is sold as Cold-fX. It is native to eastern North America, though it is also cultivated in places such as China.
The plant grows 6 to 18 tall, usually bearing three leaves, each with three to five leaflets, 2 to 5 long.
*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
|Maximum Reachable Height
||0.75 to 1.50 feet
||Yellowish-green to greenish-white
||June to July
||easy to grow
Planting and careOnce the plants have matured, they will produce a cluster of red berries with the seed in the center. Pick these in the fall if you want to harvest the seeds for planting or selling. Keep in mind they will need to be stratified as described under Preparing the Seeds.
Ginseng American care
Understand the wild-simulated ginseng growing method. This method mimics the plant s natural environment. While ginseng grown this way typically takes eight years to mature, the end result is much more valuable than field-cultivated ginseng due to its color and shape. You may attempt to alter this process by using artificial shade or tilling the soil, but then you will be growing woods-grown ginseng, which may grow into a different, less valuable shape.
||Full Sun to Partial Shade
||Apply any organic fertilizer
Ginseng American special feature
An interesting and increasingly rare native plant for shade areas. Best in herb gardens, native plant gardens, woodland gardens or shade gardens. Generally not grown in borders due to lack of sufficient ornamental interest.
Ginseng American uses
- The plant is used for ornamental purpose
- American ginseng is also used for low iron in the blood (anemia), diabetes, insulin resistance related to HIV treatments, cancer-related fatigue, high blood pressure, trouble sleeping (insomnia), nerve pain, erectile dysfunction (ED), fever, hangover symptoms, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), blood and bleeding disorders, breast cancer, dizziness, headaches, convulsions, fibromyalgia,hardening of the arteries, (atherosclerosis), memory loss