Casuarina equisetifolia, Australian Pine Tree - Plant
Description for Casuarina equisetifolia, Australian Pine Tree
The foliage of this perennial plant consists of slender, much branched green to grey-green twigs, bearing minute scale-leaves in whorls of 6 to 8. The flowers are produced in small catkin-like inflorescences. It is monoecious, with male and female flowers produced on the same tree.
|Common name||Flower colours||Bloom time||Height||Difficulty|
|Whistling Pine, Casuarina, Common Ironwood, Beefwood, Bull-oak, Jungli Saru||Inconspicuous (Light brown)||Male flowers by second year and females a little later.||Up to 35 m||Easy to grow|
Planting and care
It grows along sandy coasts and coastal forests naturally. It can be propagated by seed. A spacing of 4 x 4 to 6 x 6 feet is ideal which allows intercropping in the first year. The soil is scooped to the depth and width of the bag, planted preferably with the onset of rains.
|Full sun||Well-Drained Soils, Saline, Loose, Fine Soils||Moderate. The irrigation is required for once in every 10 to 15 days.||16 to 45 degrees C||Use any organic fertilizer.|
Caring for Casuarina equisetifolia
- Be careful to water the plants regularly during the first two years following planting.
- Do watering is done along with the planting.
- Organic insecticides such as biocide are highly effective to get rid of moths (parasites).
Typical uses of Casuarina equisetifolia
Special features: It has a strong resistance to high winds and can thus be used as a windbreak.
Culinary use: The seeds are roasted for salt. The leaves and green fruit were chewed to stimulate salivation to quench thirst.
Note: Please consult your health expert.
Ornamental use: The tree is commonly grown as an ornamental.
Medicinal use: Bark and twigs are used in ayurvedic preparations.
Note: Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
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