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Cinchona - Plant

Note: The image is for reference purpose only.
inchona, genus of about 40 species of plants, mostly trees, in the madder family (Rubiaceae), native to the Andes of South America. The flowers are small and usually creamy-white or rose in colour.
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Description for Cinchona

Cinchona is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs. They are native to the tropical Andean forests of western South America.

Common name Flower colours Bloom time Height Difficulty
Luculia gratissima Pink,creamy white September-October. 15-20 meters easy to grow

Planting and care

It is also grown in Darjeeling (West Bengal). It is an evergreen tree, growing to a height of 10-12m with a sparse branching habit. It belongs to the family Rubiaceae. The important species, which are under commercial cultivation, are Cinchona ledgeriana, C.officinalis, c.robusta and C.succiruba.

Sunlight Soil Water Temperature Fertilizer
Full Sun to Partial Shade well-drained soil Medium 14C. Apply any organic fertilizer

Caring for Cinchona

    These estimates for how long Cinchona takes to sprout, grow and harvest are from real observations from real gardeners, right around the world.

Typical uses of Cinchona

Special features: Pleasant Luculia is one of the most attractive autumn flowering shrub of the Himalayas. It is an evergreen shrub growing to 3-5 cm tall. It bears large pink, fragrant flowers in large terminal domed clusters, 8-15 cm across

Culinary use: na

Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose.

Medicinal use: As a medicinal herb, cinchona bark is also known as Jesuit s bark or Peruvian bark. The bark is stripped from the tree, dried, and powdered for medicinal uses. The bark is medicinally active, containing a variety of alkaloids including the antimalarial compound quinine and the antiarrhythmic quinidine.

References

    https://myfolia.com/plants/22859-cinchona-cinchona http://www.flowersofindia.net/risearch/search.php?query=Cinchona&stpos=0&stype=AND

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