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Black cherry - Plant

Note: The image is for reference purpose only.
Black cherry is a medium-sized, fast-growing forest tree growing to a height of 50-80 feet.
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Description for Black cherry

The wild black cherry tree (Prunis serontina) is an indigenous North American tree which will grow to between 60-90 feet tall with lightly serrated, shiny, dark green leaves. Growing black cherries have low branches which tend to droop and brush the ground.

Common name Flower colours Bloom time Height Difficulty
wild black cherry, rum cherry, or mountain black cherry dark red to black in color April to May 50.00 to 80.00 feet dificult

Planting and care

Growing black cherries are hardy to USDA zones 2-8. Otherwise, the black cherry tree’s requirements are relatively simple.
The tree prefers some sun exposure but is most often found in the wild as an under story tree, living beneath the canopy of forest and hence often in shadow. Black cherry trees will tolerate a variety of soil media.
Before transplanting black cherry trees, however, keep in mind that the tree is quite messy. The dropping fruit tends to stain concrete and the remaining seeds can be treacherous for anyone walking beneath the tree.

Sunlight Soil Water Temperature Fertilizer
Full sun to part shade well-drained soils Medium 1° to 6° C (34° to 43° F) apply any organic fertilizer

Caring for Black cherry

  • There is no difference in care between sour and sweet cherries.
  • Apply mulch to retain moisture.
  • Drape netting over trees to protect the fruit from birds.
  • Water routinely in dry areas.
  • Thinning the fruit is not necessary for cherry trees.
  • Prune trees every year in late winter to encourage the growth of new fruiting wood. Don’t prune in the fall.
  • Fertilize each spring until trees start to bear, then fertilize only after harvest each season.

Typical uses of Black cherry

Special features: The tree grows best in a slightly acid to neutral pH soil. Avoid wet sites.

Culinary use: Fruit of Prunus avium (the common cherry readily available in stores) as well as wild cherry is eaten plain, added to pies, jams, juice, liqueurs and wine.

Ornamental use: Spring blossoms, Fall color, Edible fruit, Showy flowers, Attractive bark.

Medicinal use:

  • It is used for colds, whooping cough, bronchitis and other lung problems; diarrhea; gout; digestive disorders; pain; and cancer.
  • It is also used in cough syrups because of its sedative, expectorant, drying, and cough-suppressing effects.

  • References

    • http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail256.php
    • http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/fruits/cherry/how-to-grow-black-cherries.htm
    • http://www.almanac.com/plant/cherries

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