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Annatto, Bixa Orellana, Shendri, Sindur (Orange Color) - Plant

Note: The image is for reference purpose only. The actual product may vary in shape or appearance based on climate, age, height etc.
This plant stands alone in its family; a profusely fruiting shrub, reaching 6 - 20 feet tall, is sometimes called the lipstick tree.
399
Plant height : 3 feet (+/- 20%)
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Description for Annatto, Bixa Orellana, Shendri, Sindur (Orange Color)

White or pink flowers occur in vertical upright clusters, which prominently appear above the foliage. Each pod contains many seeds covered with a thin waxy blood-red aril. When fully mature, the pod dries, hardens, and splits open, exposing the seeds. The color of the seed coating is due mainly to the carotenoid pigments bixin and norbixin.

Common name Flower colours Bloom time Height Difficulty
Lipstick tree, Annatto, Arnatto, Latkan, Sendri White or pink October to December Up to 20 ft Easy to grow

Planting and care

Growing plants can be inexpensive, particularly when growing them from seed. Seeds of plants flowers should usually be sown directly into the sunny flower bed, as developing roots do not like to be disturbed. It is grown easily and quickly in frost-free regions, from sub-tropical to tropical climates, and sheltered from cool winds. Seeds can sprout from 2-16 weeks after planting. Lipstick tree's usually bear fruit within 1-2 years from seed or planting.

Sunlight Soil Water Temperature Fertilizer
Full Sun to Partial Shade Well-drained fertile loamy soil slightly acidic and rich in organic humus Medium 15 to 25 degree C Apply any organic fertilizer

Caring for Annatto

  • It prefers year-round moisture, good drainage, and moderately fertile soil in full sun or partial shade.
  • Make sure and mulch with at least six inches deep in order to protect the roots from cold weather.

Harvesting

NA

Typical uses of Annatto

Special features: It is also grown in other tropical or subtropical regions of the world, including Central America, Africa and Asia. The heart-shaped fruit are brown or reddish brown at maturity, and are covered with short, stiff hairs.

Culinary use: Used in the preparations of coloring agents.

Ornamental use: The plant is used for an ornamental purpose.

Medicinal use: NA

References

  • http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Lipstick%20Tree.html
  • http://www.tradewindsfruit.com/content/lipstick-tree.htm
  • http://gernot-katzers-spice-pages.com/engl/Bixa_ore.html
  • http://nurserylive.com/buy-medicinal-plants-online-in-india/annatto-bixa-orellana-shendri-sindur-orange-color-1-plants-in-india
  • https://myfolia.com/plants/15721-abnnato-bixa-orellana

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