They are one of the most productive plants when what is produced from the weight of the plant is considered. The leaves are compound, typically with three leaflets, and usually hairy. The flowers, generally white, rarely reddish, are borne in small clusters on slender stalks. Botanically, the bright colored strawberry fruit is considered an accessory fruit and is not a true berry.
Strawberries begin to ripen four to five weeks after the first flowers open and continue to ripen for about three weeks. Propagation is possible by runners.
Common name(s): Strawberry, garden strawberry
Flower colours: White
Bloom time: Late summer and early fall
Max reacahble height: Up to 12 inches
Difficulty to grow:: Medium
Planting and care
Strawberries are best planted in the spring or autumn. Sow seeds thinly in March or April in a fine soil-less mix. Simply press the seeds into a moist medium in the starter trays. Keep moist until plants emerge in 2-3 weeks.
Sunlight: Full sun. It can tolerate partial sun for some time.
Soil: Fertile, free-draining soil
Temperature: 14 to 26 degrees C
Fertilizer: Organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure
Caring for Strawberry
Clear away dead foliage as this can be susceptible to pests and diseases over winter.
Strawberry plants need to be left outside for the autumn and winter as they require a chill period to initiate flowering.
Feed your plants with a balanced fertilizer every two weeks until flowering begins, at which point you should switch to a high-potash liquid fertilizer for the best fruiting.
Nitrogen fertilizer is needed at the beginning of every planting year.
October to November and April to May
Typical uses of Strawberry
Special features: Fruits
Culinary use: Juices, Jams and jellies
Ornamental use: NA
Medicinal use: It contains high anti-oxidant content.