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Prosopis juliflora is a shrub or small tree in the family Fabaceae, a kind of mesquite. It is native to Mexico, South America and the Caribbean. It has become established as an invasive weed in Africa, Asia, Australia and elsewhere.
Common name: Algaroba, Mesquite Color: brown or blackish Bloom time: may Height: 15 m Difficulty level: easy to grow
Planting & Care Natural resources form an important part of the economic development of a country. Although our dependence on these resources contribute to economic benefits, when close attention is paid certain actions become a major threat to the environment we live in. Despite the benefits we reap out of the resources, it is important to look into the ill effects of it as well.
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: well-drained soil
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer
The advent of Prosopis juliflora in the early 1970s is a classic example of this condition.
It was introduced in several countries as an attempt to limit the risk of deforestation and shortage of fuelwood.
Interestingly with time, it turned out to be a noxious invasive weed posing a major threat to the environment.
It is important to understand that the substitution of natural vegetation with foreign ones can prove fatal to the existing bio diversity of the forest.
The invasion of Prosopis today can be compared to the loss of forest area and disappearance of animals in the sanctuary in the late 40s
Special Feature: flour products made from the pods are still popular, although only sporadically prepared, mostly by Amerindians. Pods are made into gruels, sometimes fermented to make a mesquite wine. Use Medicinal use:
Its uses are numerous; it serves as a source of food, wood and even medicine.
The taxonomy of Prosopis pubescens is clear, but it is medicinally interchangeable with Prosopis juliflora (Moore, 1989).
Due to these factors, this website will generally refer to all three species as mesquite.
Note: for medicinal use, please consult appropriate doctor before use.