The bottle gourd belongs to the cucumber family and originated in Africa, and is now available in most parts of the world. Also known as calabash, cucuzza, sorakaya, lauki, doodhi, and ghiya in various languages, this vegetable comes in different shapes, the most common being the bottle-shaped (hence the name) and round.
The sizes vary from six inches in length to more than six feet.
Common name(s): calabash, cucuzza, sorakaya, lauki, doodhi, and ghiya
Flower colours: -
Bloom time: Summer
Max reacahble height: Height: 10-12 feet
Spread: 12 feet
Difficulty to grow:: Easy
Planting and care
The bottle gourd is a vigorous, annual, running or climbing vine with large leaves and a lush appearance. It grows fast and may begin to flower only 2 months after seeding. The vine is branched and climbs by means of tendrils along the stem. The foliage is covered with soft hairs and has a foul musky odour when crushed.
The leaves of the bottle gourd are up to 15 inches wide, circular in overall shape, with smooth margins, a few broad lobes, or with undulate margins.
Sunlight: Full sun
Soil: Sandy loamy soils rich in organic matter with good drainage and the pH ranges from 6.5 to 7.5 is suited for bottle gourd cultivation.
Water: Irrigate the field before dibbling the seeds and thereafter once a week.
Temperature: This crop requires a moderate warm temperature.
24to 27 degrees C
Fertilizer: Apply a side dressing of 3 lbs. of 10-10-10 fertilizer per 100 square feet of garden when the vines start to run. Water the fertilizer into the ground well.
Caring for Bottle Gourd F1 Liya Round
Weeding can be done by hoeing as and when necessary.
Fruit rot during rainy season can be checked by training the plants over the bamboo stick or dried branches.
Pests Mites: Spray dicofol 18.5 % SC @ 2.5 ml per litre of water.
Aphid: Spray Imidachloprid @ 0.5 ml/lit along with sufficient quantity of stickers like Teepol, triton X100, apsa etc., for better adhesion and coverage.
Beetles, fruit flies and caterpillars can be controlled by spraying Malathion 50 EC 1 ml/lit. or Dimethoate 30 EC 1 ml/lit. or Methyl demeton 25 EC 1 ml/lit.
Do not use DDT,copper and sulphur dust as these are phytotoxic.
Powdery mildew can be controlled by spraying Dinocap 1 ml/lit. or Carbendazim 0.5 g/lit or Tridemorph l ml/l.
Downy mildew can be controlled by spraying Mancozeb or Chlorothalonil 2 g/lit. twice at 10 days interval.
Fruits are harvested at tender stage and before 100 % maturity.
Harvesting shoud be done only after 10 days
Typical uses of Bottle Gourd F1 Liya Round
In Chinese cuisine, it is frequently used in soups or in stir fries.
In India, doodhi can be combined with dal and spices to make Doodhi Kootu. It can also be stir fried with onion, garlic and tomatoes to make asemi dry subzi that will go well with phulkas.
Including bottle gourd in your regular diet reduces fatigue and maintains freshness especially in the summer.
It is rich in, thiamine, vitamin C, zinc, iron and magnesium thus helping in improving overall health.
Cooked bottle gourd is anti-bilious and it helps one relax after eating.
Almost 96% of the bottle gourd is water which makes it very light and easy to digest. Bottle gourd is commonly used for treating indigestion, constipation, and diarrhoea.
Bottle gourd juice with a pinch of salt is also used to treat dehydration caused by diarrhoea.
Very effective in the treatment of acidity and ulcers.
The water content in bottle gourd along with the high fibre content helps with digestive disorders like constipation, flatulence and piles.
Bottle gourd is also believed to help the liver function in a balanced fashion.
The juice from bottle gourd leaves help cure jaundice.
If consumed with lime juice, gourd juice will effectively treat burning sensations in the urinary passage.
The juice of bottle gourd is a valuable medicine for excessive thirst due to severe diarrhoea, diabetes and excessive use of fatty or fried foods.
The gourd fruit juice is used in the treatment of insanity, epilepsy and other nervous diseases.
It has sodium of 1.8 mg per 100 gm and 87 mg of potassium making it a suitable vegetable for hypertensive patents.
A mixture of bottle gourd juice and sesame oil acts as an effective medicine for insomnia, it should be massaged on the scalp every night.
gourd juice also helps in the breakdown of kidney stones.
The bitter variety is prescribed as a cardiac tonic, as an antidote to poisoning and for alleviating bronchitis, cough, asthma and biligenic affections.