Prefers moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun. Intolerant of shade. Its bark is less fissured, it has fewer leaflets per leaf and its nuts are more oval than round. Foliage turns an undistinguished yellow in fall.
Yellowish green monoecious flowers appear in late spring. Nuts mature in fall. Nutshells can be hard to crack and the kernels are often small. But the kernels are sweet, oily and tasty, having a buttery flavor.
Common name(s): Butternut or white walnut
Flower colours: Yellowish-green
Bloom time: May to June
Max reachable height: 40 to 60 feet
Difficulty to grow: Easy to grow
Planting and care
It is native to moist bottomlands, lowland forests and some drier limestone soils in eastern and midwestern North America.
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: Moist, organically rich, well-drained soil
Temperature: 16d degrees C (60 degrees F)
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer
Caring for Juglans cinerea
As they have become more and rarer due to disease, it is fairly uncommon to see butternuts planted by enthusiasts.
In the case that they are, the biggest key is to protect them from pests and canker and make sure their soil drains well.
Typical uses of Juglans cinerea
Special features: Butternut is of interest to native plant enthusiasts and for those who wish to harvest the nuts. It is otherwise infrequently planted as an ornamental tree.
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: The plant is used for an ornamental purpose.
Medicinal use: It is used in an attempt to prevent smallpox and to treat dysentery and other stomach and intestinal discomfort.