Gaultheria procumbens, also called the eastern teaberry, the checkerberry, the boxberry, or the American wintergreen, is a species of Gaultheria native to northeastern North America from Newfoundland
Common name(s): wintergreen
Flower colours: White
Bloom time: June to July
Max reachable height: 0.25 to 0.50 feet
Difficulty to grow: easy to grow
Planting and care
Best grown in organically rich, evenly moist, acidic, welldrained soils in part shade to full shade. Established plants tolerate some dry soils. Plants perform best in climates with cool summers. Space plants 10-14 '' apart for growth as a ground cover.
Sunlight: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Soil: well-drained soil
Temperature: about -35c
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer
Caring for Gaultheria procumbens
Wintergreen should be planted outdoors in early spring in Zones 3-8. Give it a shady but bright spot with well-drained soil rich in organic matter, with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. Prune it back to old wood in spring to encourage new green growth. Over time, a single plant can spread to 3-3 1/2ft in width. The dark green leaves turn red or reddish purple in winter.
Typical uses of Gaultheria procumbens
Special features: Excellent ground cover for shady areas. Woodland gardens, rock gardens, foundations or native plant areas. Plants are an interesting complement to other acid-loving shrubs such as azaleas, rhododendrons, kalmias and blueberries.
Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose.
Medicinal use: Because of toxicity concerns, follow the suggested manufacturer s oral or topical dosage form regimen: 1 teaspoon (5 mL) of wintergreen oil is equivalent to approximately 7000 mg of salicylate or 21.5 adult aspirin tablets.