Senegalia catechu is a deciduous, thorny tree which grows up to 15 m (50 ft) in height. The plant is called khair in Hindi, and kachu in Malay, hence the name was Latinized to "catechu" in Linnaean taxonomy,
Common name(s): Cashoo, catechu
Flower colours: Yellow
Bloom time: February
Max reachable height: 8 to 10 ft.
Difficulty to grow: Easy to grow
Planting and care
Cutch tree is a small tree, growing 3-15 m high. The stem is dark brown to black, with rough bark which peels off in long strips in mature trees; young trees have corky bark. The fern-like leaves are 100-200 mm long and contain between 8 and 30 pairs of small leaves made up of numerous, oblong pairs of secondary leaflets 2-6 mm long. Glands occur on the stem below the first pair of leaves
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: Well-drained soil
Temperature: 32 to 39 degrees C.
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer
Caring for Cutch Tree
Oblong pairs of secondary leaflets 2-6 mm long. Glands occur on the stem below the first pair of leaves, and between the uppermost six pairs of leaves. Pairs of stout thorns up to 10 mm long are found at the base of each leaf. The flowers are white or pale yellow, about 3 mm long and bunched tightly together to form a cylindrical flower spike, 35-75 mm long, resembling a lamb s tail.
Typical uses of Cutch Tree
Special features: Its hard wood is useful in manufacturing, building and making charcoal, while extracts from the wood.
Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose.
Medicinal use: The heart wood and bark of the tree are used in traditional medicine. A wood extract called catechu is used in traditional medicine for sore throats and diarrhea. The concentrated aqueous extract, known as khayer gum or cutch, is astringent. It is used in Ayurvedic medicine.