Caladiums can be grown in containers or clumped together within beds and borders. There are numerous varieties of caladiums found in either the fancy-leaved or the strap-leaved cultivar.
Often varieties that bloom for a short portion of the season. Blooming on caladium plants is not common, but tubers planted in favorable locations tend to produce small flowers.
Common name(s): Elephant ear, Heart of Jesus, Angel Wings
Flower colours: Pale yellow (the flower-like bud on a caladium is a spathe)
Bloom time: The flowers are inconspicuous and when grown as annuals, they may not have time to flower at all.
Max reacahble height: Up to 80 cm
Difficulty to grow:: Easy to grow
Planting and care
The genus Caladium includes seven species that are native to South America and Central America, and naturalized in India, parts of Africa, and various tropical islands. Caladiums grow from tubers and can be propagated by dividing the tubers.
These plants thrive in moist, well-drained soil and are generally happier in partial shade. As foliage begins to die down in the fall, reduce water, dig up and air dry bulbs for a week. Store in a dry location at 55 degrees or above.
Sunlight: Full sun to partial shade
Soil: Moist, well-drained soil
Water: During their growing season, they require moderate watering.
Temperature: 18 to 24 degrees C
Fertilizer: Fertilize weekly during the growing season with liquid or use slow-release pellets.
Caring for Caladium
In temperate areas, they should be lifted before the first frost.
The corms are dried and stored for the winter when temperatures fall to 65 degrees F (18 degrees C) and stored moderately dry (not bone-dry) over the winter at temperatures between 56 degrees F (13 degrees C) and 61 degrees F (16 degrees C).
When you plant caladiums, you should plant them about 4 to 6 inches deep and 4 to 6 inches apart.
Water the caladiums enough to keep the soil slightly damp but never enough for it to be soggy.
Typical uses of Caladium
Special features: Attractive foliage
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: Several species are grown as ornamental plants for their large, arrowhead-shaped leaves marked in varying patterns.