Bougainvillea plants need support to cover a wall, fence, or other area. Create rows of wire or string against the surface that you want covered. Tuck the bougainvillea branches behind these guidance supports at regular intervals. Keep a close eye on growth and adjust as necessary until the bougainvillea starts covering the wall or other surface.
Bougainvillea plants are a beloved addition to many gardens and walls Bougainvillea is a vine-like, thorny shrub that grows rampantly. It can be trained to climb trellises or be planted as an attractive but thornily impenetrable barrier, and it can also serve as a groundcover. Bougainvilleas have beautiful, brightly colored bracts, which are specialized leaves that contain the plant s flowers.
Common name(s): Bougainvillea are also known as buganvilla (Spain), bugambilia (Mexico), Napoleon (Honduras), veranera (Colombia, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica and Panama), trinitaria (Colombia, Cuba, Panama, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic & Venezuela), Santa Rita (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) or papelillo (northern Peru).
Flower colours: Yelow color flowers
Bloom time: They are evergreen where rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if there is a dry season.
Max reachable height: They are thorny, woody vines growing anywhere from 1 to 12 m (3 to 40 ft.) tall
Difficulty to grow: Easy
Planting and care
These tropical climbers are suitable for large containers placed in the garden during summer but must be kept frost-free in winter.
Sunlight: For the best results put your plants in full sun. If you want good blooming give them at least 5 hours a day of full sunlight as a minimum. More hours of direct sun is better. Less than 5 hours and the plant may not bloom very well. Your plants will thrive in shade or partial shade, but only have nice growth with little or no blooms.
Soil: They thrive in almost any soil as long as it is well drained and fertile. Soils that work for other plants you grow will be fine.
Water: Make sure you dont let the plants dry out between waterings. If you want to be successful. keep containers moist but also they need to be well drained. No sitting plants in standing water.If growing in pots, DO NOT USE SAUCERS under your pots. A healthy container grown plant will drink a lot of water during the warm times of the year.
In cooler periods or when you bring your plants indoors for the winter, the water requirement will be much less.
Temperature: Bougainvilleas are hardy throughout the South but young growth will be damaged by frost. Optimum growing temperatures are warm days.
A light frost will not kill the plant, but you can soon expect all the leaves and bracts to fall off. In this case, the plant will regrow if not subjected to more frosts for longer duration.
Fertilizer: Mature plants can be heavy feeders. Here is some quick fertilizer tips.
High phosphorus with micronutrients, as well as additional iron and magnesium
Slow or timed release fertilizers are acceptable.
Make sure you follow the fertilizer label
Plants grow best with small amounts of nutrients constantly available
Do not apply fertilizers to dry soil, Do not overfertilize, in this case less is better than more
Caring for Bougainvillea
Wait for the first colorful bracts to form and fall in spring
Once they fall, prune excess growth Fertilize.
This will cause new bloom on the shorter flowering spurs
Repeat during the flowering season as needed. Gardeners caring for bougainvillea in the garden dose not need to worry much about water once the plants mature.
Irrigate only when the plants start to wilt and the soil is dry.
The vines do need food. Fertilize your bougainvillea every month in spring and early summer.
You will want to use a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer at half the normal dosage.
Pruning is part of the work if you are caring for bougainvillea in the garden.
Keep your eye out for dead wood and remove it as it appears.
Save severe cut backs for a time after the bougainvillea has flowered.
You can prune late in fall or very early in spring.
Typical uses of Bougainvillea
Special features: Train the bougainvillea: Bougainvillea plants need support to cover a wall, fence, or other area. Create rows of wire or string against the surface that you want covered. Tuck the bougainvillea branches behind these guidance supports at regular intervals. Keep a close eye on growth and adjust as necessary until the bougainvillea starts covering the wall or other surface.
Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose.