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Annona Squamosa, Sita Phal ( Grown through seeds ) Plant
Description for Annona Squamosa, Sita Phal ( Grown through seeds )
Plant height: 10 - 16 inches
Plant spread: 4 - 8 inches
Well-branched tree or shrub from the family Annonaceae that bears edible fruits called sugar-apples. It tolerates a tropical lowland
Common name(s): Sugar Apple, Custard apple, Sita Phal, Sharifa
Flower colours: Yellow-green
Bloom time: Summer, Spring
Max reachable height: 10 to 20 feet (3 to 6 m)
Difficulty to grow: Easy to grow
Planting and care
Seed propagation is the traditional method, through which the sugar apple tree is grown. It is the most used propagation method. Plant spacing is 5 X 5 m. The plantation is done in the rainy season.
Sunlight: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Soil: Custard apples grow best in sandy loam soils, but well-structured clay loams are also suitable
Water: Medium, to improve the fruit size and yield you should be done one or two irrigation when fruits are developing
Temperature: 25 to 41 degrees C
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer
Caring for Annona Squamosa
There must be adequate moisture in the soil to encourage vegetative growth and blooms that occur on the new branches.
The tree should be watered in every 2 to 4 weeks during the period of low growth and every 3 to 5 days while it is flowering and setting fruits.
Sugar apple is normally fairly low maintenance and quite easy to grow, as long as a level of basic care is provided throughout the year.
Growing sugar apple tree requires weed management.
the sugar apple is susceptible to wind damage. Therefore, it should be planted in a location that is sheltered from the wind.
Typical uses of Annona Squamosa
Special features: Sugar apples (Annona squamosa) are the fruit of one of the most commonly grown Annona trees.
Culinary use: The ripe fruits are edible. The sweetish fruit varies considerably in quality; some are eaten raw but most often they are used in preserves, drinks, ice cream, puddings etc.
Medicinal use: The bark and leaves contain annonaine, an alkaloid. In tropical America, a decoction of the leaves is used as a cold remedy and to clarify urine. A bark decoction is used to stop diarrhoea, while the root is used in the treatment of dysentery.
Sugar-apple is high in energy, an excellent source of vitamin C and manganese, a good source of thiamine and vitamin B6, and provides vitamin B2, B3 B5, B9, iron, magnesium, phosphorus and potassium in fair quantities. Note: USe only after consulting the specialist.