Sandal Wood Red, Chandan Red - Plant
Pterocarpus santalinus, with the common names red sanders, red sandalwood, and saunderswood, is a species of Pterocarpus endemic to the southern Eastern Ghats mountain range of South India. This tree is valued for the rich red color of its wood.
Common name: Adenanthera gersenii,
Bloom time: sep. to oct.
Height: 30 feet
Difficulty level: easy to grow
Planting & Care
Pterocarpus santalinus, Red Sanders or Red Sandalwood is a species of Pterocarpus native to India. It is found in south India in Kadapa, Chittoor, mostly in the hilly region of Nepal, in Pakistan and in Sri Lanka. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils. It is not frost tolerant, being killed by low temperatures.
Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: well-drained soil
Temprature: 12° and 30°C.
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer
- Sandal trees grow mainly on red ferregenuous loam, overlying metamorphic rocks, chiefly gneiss.
- They can tolerate shallow, rocky ground and stony or gravelly soils, voiding saline or calcareous soils, and are not exacting about the depth of the soil.
Rich and moist soils such as well-drained alluvial soils, do not support sandalwood well; the heartwood in such trees will be deficient in oil.
- Trees grown on poor soils yield better oil, though they cannot withstand water-logging.
- A red powder made from the wood is also used as an antiseptic paste.
- In Ancient Indian medicine, the ground seeds are used to treat boils and inflammations.
- A decoction of the leaves is used to treat gout and rheumatism.
- The bark was used to wash hair.
- The plant is used for ornamental purpose.
for medicinal use, please consult appropriate doctor before use.