Foeniculum vulgare - Plant
Description for Foeniculum vulgare
Fennel is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves.
|Common name||Flower colours||Bloom time||Height||Difficulty|
|fennel, Florence fennel||green||June to July||4.00 to 6.00 feet||easy to grow|
Planting and care
The dark, fine-textured foliage of this short-lived perennial herb combined with its height (up to 6 feet tall) make it a great background for borders or herb gardens. It attracts beneficial insects and feeds the catepillars that morph into swallowtail butterflies.
|Full sun||well-drained soil||Medium||25C||Apply any organic fertilizer|
Caring for Foeniculum vulgare
- Highly aromatic and slightly odd plant that is a poor companion for everything.
- It can grow close to dill, however, they tend to cross pollinate.
- On the other hand, fennel attracts a variety of beneficial insects into the garden.
- Aphids dislike fennel so they are repelled by it. Fennel is also a flea repellent.
Typical uses of Foeniculum vulgare
Special features: Borders, vegetable gardens, herb gardens, cottage gardens or meadows. Good plant for a butterfly garden.
Culinary use: It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb with culinary and medicinal uses and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. Florence fennel or finocchio is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable.
Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose.
Medicinal use: (F. vulgare), commonly known as Fennel, is a popular medicinal plant with various pharmacological activities mentioned in traditional Iranian medicine (TIM) and modern phytotherapy such as antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, bronchodilatory, estrogenic, diuretic, lithontripic, galactogogue,
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