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Dioscorea villosa - Plant

dioscorea villosa - plant title=
Note: The image is for reference purpose only. See plant detail below
white yam
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Dioscorea villosa is a species of a twining tuberous vine that is native to eastern North America. It is common and widespread in a range stretching from Texas and Florida north to Minnesota, Ontario and Massachusetts.

Common name: white yam
Color: yellow-green
Bloom time: Seasonal bloomer
Height: 1.00 to 2.00 feet
Difficulty level: easy to grow

Planting & Care
I first encountered wild yam on a walk around what became the North American Native Plant Society nature reserve, the Shining Tree Woods, in autumn 12 years ago. Next spring that vine had many seeds, and I received permission to take a few.
The seed of wild yam will germinate readily. When you start your plants, you will find that within a few years they will spread by both a more robust root system (which is like five-millimetre or two-tenths of an inch-thick pasta, interconnected versus discrete, and a dark reddish colour) and new shoots from these roots, or by seeds being dispersed by wind and creatures.

Sunlight: Full sun to part shade

Soil: well-drained soil

Water: Medium

Temprature: (25ÂșC).

Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer

Care:
  • collect seed from the vines in late fall or anytime in winter separate the seed from the seed capsules in a plot in the garden, clear away any plants there now, and loosen the soil:
    the plot will need a few hours of sun during the spring season mark the garden plot! scatter the seed on the bare ground, cover with a sprinkling of garden soil and some leaf litter:


Special Feature:
It is suggested that Dioscorea be limited to pot culture.
Use
Medicinal use:
  • Native Americans and early herbalist had many uses for this plant including the treatment of many female and childbirth related problems.
  • It was also used to treat various gastrointestinal problems, muscle spasms, various painful conditions such as arthritis and rheumatism.

  • There seems to be no scientific evidence of its effectiveness for these conditions.
  • Nonetheless, plants of this genus are valuable to modern medicine.
  • Many of our modern steroids are manufactured from diosgenin extracted from them.

Ornamental use:
  • The plant is used for ornamental purpose.


Note:
for medicinal use, please consult appropriate doctor before use.

Reference:
http://www.nanps.org/index.php/gardening/native-plants-to-know/122-dioscorea-villosa-wild-yam-5-4 http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=b139 http://www.flowersofindia.net/risearch/search.php?query=Dioscorea+villosa&stpos=0&stype=AND
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