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Solanum xanthocarpum - Plant

solanum xanthocarpum - plant
Note: The image is for reference purpose only. See plant detail below
Solanum surattense, Solanum xanthocarpum
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Winter hardy to USDA Zone 9-10. In St. Louis it is grown as an annual. In the ground, plants do best in rich, humusy, well-drained loams in full sun with regular moisture. Purchase plants from nurseries in spring or start seeds indoors about 6-8 weeks before last spring frost.

Common name: Solanum surattense, Solanum xanthocarpum
Color: White, yellow, lilac and purple
Bloom time: July to frost
Height: 3.00 to 4.00 feet
Difficulty level: easy to grow

Planting & Care
It is a regarded as a weed, commonly growing in barnyards, pastures and beside roads. Opening the seed pods and planting the seeds is similar for all species. Depending on the species, Datura can be grown as an annual in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 7 and as a perennial in zones 8 through 10.

Sunlight: Full sun

Soil: well-drained soil

Water: Medium

Temprature: 70° F

Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer

Care:
  • Watch for the datura seed pods to turn brown on the plant.
  • They will open, revealing ripe seeds.
  • Although the description of the pods varies slightly among the species, they all have spikes or thorns and turn from green to brown as they mature.
  • Collect the seeds.

  • Scrape or nick the seeds with a knife.
  • This is called scarification.
  • It helps germination by penetrating the protective outer layer of seeds.


Special Feature:
Borders, containers. Specimen or group. Place containers near patios so flower fragrance may be enjoyed.
Use
Medicinal use:
  • Dhattura – Datura metel – Medicinal Uses, Toxic Effects.
  • Dhatura – thorn apple is a poisonous herb used in many Ayurvedic medicines after purification method.
  • Datura metel is used in the treatment of skin diseases, fever etc.
  • It is used for external application and rarely for oral administration.

Ornamental use:
  • The plant is used for ornamental purpose.


Note:
No serious insect or disease problems.

Reference:
http://homeguides.sfgate.com/plant-care-datura-seed-pods-48593.html http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=c308
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