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Carob - Plant

Note: The image is for reference purpose only.
Carob is widely cultivated for its edible pods, and as an ornamental tree in gardens.
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Description for Carob

The Ceratonia siliqua tree grows up to 15 m (49 ft) tall. The crown is broad and semispherical, supported by a thick trunk with brown rough bark and sturdy branches. Leaves are 10 to 20 cm (3.9 to 7.9 in) long, alternate, pinnate, and may or may not have a terminal leaflet. It is frost-tolerant to roughly 20 F (minus 7 C).The tree is native to North America, introduced and widely cultivated in Europe.

It was probably introduced in India by the British while developing the hill stations, where it is now seen. The leaves are 10to25 cm long, pinnate with 9to19 oval leaflets, 2 to 5 cm long and 1.5 to 3 cm broad. Leaflets are rounded at both the ends and notched at the tip.

Most carob trees are dioecious, some are hermaphrodite. The male trees do not produce fruit. The trees blossom in autumn. The flowers are small and numerous, spirally arranged along the inflorescence axis in catkin-like racemes borne on spurs from old wood and even on the trunk (cauliflory); they are pollinated by both wind and insects.

Common nameFlower coloursBloom timeHeightDifficulty
St Johns-bread, locust bean,locust-tree,carob tree,Ceratonia siliquaGreen May to June 30.00 to 50.00 feeteasy to grow

Planting and care

The fresh carob tree seeds germinates quickly and easily. If you dont find fresh seeds you can grow it from dry seeds which is scarified and soaked in water until they double in size. They can be planted in spring or fall.

SunlightSoilWaterTemperatureFertilizer
:Full Sun to Partial Shade deep sandy soil Keep soil moist throughout the growing season. 104 to 122 F Apply Any Organic fertilizer

Caring for Carob

    Once fully developed carob tree can withstand temperatures up to minus 7 C, but frost during flowering period can reduce or sometimes prevent fruiting. The tree is ideally grown in regions with a Mediterranean climate.

Typical uses of Carob

Special features: Having the atomic number 6, every carbon atom has a total of six electrons. Two are in a completed inner orbit, while the other four are valence electrons—outer electrons that are available for forming bonds with other atoms.
The carbon atom s four valence electrons can be shared by other atoms that have electrons to share, thus forming covalent (shared-electron) bonds.

Culinary use: Carob flour or carob powder, pure natural, either for baking or for making smoothies Et cetera, has its volume to weight measure equal to 103 grams per 1 cup which is 3.6 oz Net Wt/Cup volume (for the full list of all other measuring units of carob flour/powder choose carob in the flours main menu.

Ornamental use:

Medicinal use:

  • Carob improves digestion
  • Carob lowers bad cholesterol level in the blood
  • Carob is used to treat diarrhea in children and adults
  • Carob can prevent cervical and lung cancers
  • Carob has anti-oxidant properties that can help repair damaged cells.
  • Carob has anti-allergic, antibacterial, antiviral and analgesic action.
  • Carob can prevent anemia, treat cough and flu
  • Carob is rich in phosphorous and calcium and is used to prevent and treat osteoclasis and osteoporosis

  • References

    • http://www.flowersofindia.net/
    • http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/

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