Anis - Seeds
Coriander/cilantro is a fast-growing, aromatic herb that grows in the cooler weather of spring and fall.
This herb is used to flavour many recipes and the entire plant is edible.
The leaves are called cilantro and the seeds are called coriander.
Common name: Coriander
Bloom time: Spring
Height: 18 to 24 inches (45-60cm)
Difficulty level: Easy
Planting & Care
Sunlight: Coriander enjoys a sunny position but appreciates a little shade during the hottest part of the day.
Soil: Plant the seeds in light, well-drained soil and space them 1 to 2 inches apart. Sow the seeds at 3-week intervals for continued harvest. Space rows about 12 inches apart.
Water: It is important to keep the seeds moist during their germination, so remember to water the plants regularly. Water the seedlings regularly throughout the growing season. They require about 1 inch of water per week for best growth. Thin seedlings to 6 inches apart so that they have room to develop healthy leaves. Once the plants are established, they do not need as much water per week. Keep them moist, but be careful not to overwater them.
Fertilizer: Fertilize once or twice during the growing season with nitrogen fertilizer. Apply 1/4 cup of fertilizer per 25 feet of row. Be sure not to over-fertilizer the plants.
- Time for Planting Plant cilantro in the spring after the last frost date or in the fall.
- In the Southwest, a fall planting may last through spring when the weather heats up again.
- Do not grow in summer heat as the plants will bolt (so it is past harvesting).
- The leaves that grow on bolted plants tend to be bitter in flavor.
- Site Selection it is best to chose a sunny site that will allow cilantro to self-seed as it is ought to do.
- Plant in an herb garden or the corner of a vegetable garden.
- When the weather gets warm, the plant will quickly finish its life cycle and send up a long stalk which will produce blossoms and later seeds.
- Little plants will sprout during the season and the next spring.
Harvesting: Keep picking mature leaves as and when you need them. Regular cropping should delay flowering. Once the plants do flower, allow them to set seed. The seed is ripe when it stops smelling unpleasant. Collect it and use in cooking, keeping some to sow for another crop.
- Mulch To help prevent weeds, mulch around the plants as soon as they are visible above the soil.
- You can also till shallowly to help prevent root damage from weeds.
- Water the seedlings regularly throughout the growing season.
- They require about 1 inch of water per week for best growth.
- Thin seedlings to 6 inches apart so that they have room to develop healthy leaves.
- Once the plants are established, they do not need as much water per week.
- Keep them moist, but be careful not to overwater them.
- Fertilize once or twice during the growing season with nitrogen fertilizer.
- Apply ¼ cup of fertilizer per 25 feet of row.
- Be sure not to over-fertilizer the plants.
- All parts of the plant - roots, stems, leaves and seeds - can be used in cooking.
- Native to the Mediterranean and western Asia, coriander is an essential ingredient in Thai, Chinese, Vietnamese, Indian, Turkish, Spanish, Portuguese, North African, Mexican and Latin American cuisine.