Terminalia chebula, commonly known as black- or chebulic myrobalan, is a species of Terminalia, native to South Asia from India and Nepal east to southwest China, and south to Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Vietnam.
Common name: Arjuna , Axjun , Argun kahua , Kumbuk , ( T. arjuna ); Behada , Bahera ( Bahira ), Balera ( T. bellirica ); Hara , Harada , Hirala , Myrobalan
Bloom time: April
Height: 15.00 to 30.00 feet
Difficulty level: easy to grow
Planting & Care
Plants do not thrive in Zones 9 to 10 without a period of refrigeration; they need a cold, dormant period. Select a site with soil that drains well. How can you tell? After a good rain, find a spot that is the first to dry out. Water trapped beneath the scales may rot the bulb, so a well-drained site is essential. Also, select a site that gets full sun.
Sunlight: Full sun to part shade
Soil: well-drained soil
Temprature: 37˚C to 48˚C
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer
- The vining varieties require a support structure as some can get 15 feet tall.
- All plants prefer sun to light shade sites with well-draining and moderately fertile soil.
- Install the plant in the ground at the same level it was growing in the nursery pot.
- Most plants are grafted onto the common rootstock because of its superior hardiness.
- Clean away from around the base of the rosebushes any trimmed debris that can harbor disease and insects.
- Late in the season, stop deadheading rugosas so that hips will form on the plants; these can be harvested and dried on screens, away from sunlight, then stored in an airtight container.
This species is generally not used as an ornamental. The purple leaved cultivars are in demand as small specimen trees for the landscape.
- Terminalia is a tree.
- Three species of terminalia are used for medicine.
- These species are Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia bellerica, and Terminalia chebula.
- In traditional Ayurvedic medicine, Terminalia arjuna has been used to balance the three “humors”: kapha, pitta, and vata.
for medicinal use