Bhindi is grow for its long, pointed seed pods, which are used in gumbos and soups. Okra is in the same family as cotton, hollyhocks and hibiscus. It can, however, thrive in any climate where corn will grow. Depending on the cultivar, the large-flowered, fast-growing plants reach 2 to 6 feet tall.
Varieties with colourful stems and leaves, such as Burgundy , make attractive garden borders. Okra is a tropical plant that is grown as an annual vegetable. The seed pods are especially useful for thickening stews because of their gummy mucilage. Okra plants are extremely drought and heat resistant and okra is a popular vegetable in many countries with difficult growing conditions.
|Common Name ||Okra, Gumbo, Ladyfinger, Bhindi. Abelmoschus esculentus
|Height ||Grows more than 4 feet and can spread 3 feet wide.|
|Bloom Time ||summer|
|Difficulty Level ||Easy|
Planting and care
- Eliminate weeds when the plants are young, then mulch heavily to prevent more weeds from growing
- Apply a layer of mulch 4 to 8 inches high
- You should also side-dress the plants with 10-10-10, aged manure, or rich compost (1/2 pound per 25 feet of row)
You could also apply a balanced liquid fertilizer monthly
When the seedlings are about 3 inches tall, thin the plants so that they are 10 to 18 inches apart
Keep the plants well watered throughout the summer months; 1 inch of water per week is ideal, but use more if you are in a hot, arid region
After the first harvest, remove the lower leaves to help speed up production
Ladys Finger does not like to have its roots disturbed
- You can start okra seeds indoors in peat pots under full light 3 to 4 weeks before the last spring frost date
- You can also start okra directly in your garden 3 to 4 weeks before the last spring frost date as long as you cover the plants with a cold frame or grow tunnel until the weather warms up
- Make sure that the covering is 2 to 3 feet tall so that the plants have room to grow
If you do not start your okra plants early, wait until there is stable warm weather
- You can plant okra in the garden when the soil has warmed to 65° to 70°F
Plant okra in fertile, well-drained soil in full light about 1/2 to 1 inch deep and 12 to 18 inches apart
- You can soak the seeds overnight in tepid water to help speed up germination
- If you are planting okra transplants, be sure to space them 1 to 2 feet apart to give them ample room to grow
Okra plants are tall, so be sure to space out the rows 3 to 4 feet apart
|Sunlight ||The plant require to be grown in full sun of at lease 6 hrs a day.|
|Watering ||Ladys Finger can tolerate dry conditions. However, watering may be necessary during extended dry periods. It needs to be evenly moist throughout the growing season.|
|Soil ||Lady s Finger performs best in well-drained, fertile soils in full sun. Avoid wet, poorly drained sites. Soil pH is generally not a problem as okra grows well in soils that are slightly acidic to slightly alkaline (pH 6.5 to 7.5).|
|Temperature ||22 to 35 degree C|
|Fertilizer ||Before planting, apply 1 to 2 pounds of an all-purpose garden fertilizer, such as 10-10-10.|
|Harvest Season ||The first harvest will be ready about 2 months after planting.
Harvest the okra when its about 2 to 3 inches long. Harvest it every other day.
Cut the stem just above the cap with a knife; if the stem is too hard to cut, the pod is probably too old and should be tossed.
Wear gloves and long sleeves when cutting the okra because most varieties are covered with tiny spines that will irritate your skin, unless you have a spineless variety. Do not worry: this irritation will not happen when you eat them.
To store okra, put the uncut and uncooked pods into freezer bags and keep them in the freezer. You can then prepare the okra any way you like throughout the winter months|
Bhindi special feature
Okra is traditionally a southern U.S. plant that thrives in warm weather. It is easy to grow and use and looks great throughout the growing season due to its beautiful flowers. Okra is also rich in vitamin A and low in calories.
- To maintain the best nutritional value of okra, it is suggested not to overcook it
The pods are among the very low calorie vegetables
- They provide just 30 calories per 100 g besides containing no saturated fats or cholesterol
- Nonetheless, they are rich sources of dietary fibre, minerals, and vitamins; often recommended by nutritionists in cholesterol controlling and weight reduction programs
The rich fibre and mucilaginous content in okra pods help in smooth peristalsis of digested food particles and relieve constipation condition
The pods contain healthy amounts of vitamin A, and flavonoid anti-oxidants such as beta carotenes, xanthin and lutein
- It is one of the green vegetables with highest levels of these anti-oxidants
- These compounds are known to have antioxidant properties and are essential for vision
Vitamin A is also required for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin
- Consumption of natural vegetables and fruits rich in flavonoids helps to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers
- Fresh pods are the good source of foliates; provide about 22% of RDA per 100 g
- Consumption of foods rich in foliates, especially during the pre-conception period helps decrease the incidence of neural tube defects in the offspring
- The gumbo pods are also an excellent source of anti-oxidant vitamin, vitamin-C, providing about 36% of daily-recommended levels
- Research suggests that consumption of foods rich in vitamin-C helps the body develop immunity against infectious agents, reduce episodes of cold and cough and protect the body from harmful free radicals
- The veggies are rich in B-complex group of vitamins like niacin, vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), thiamin and pantothenic acid
- The pods also contain good amounts of vitamin K
- Vitamin K is a co-factor for blood clotting enzymes and is required for strengthening of bones
- The pods are an also good source of many important minerals such as iron, calcium, manganese and magnesium
- Okra is a plant that produces an edible pod that is eaten as a vegetable
- Bhendi exude a gelatinous substance when sliced
- This substance is called mucilage
- It is the mucilage which contributes to the slime factor in it
Frequently Asked Questions
How tall do bhindi grow?
On average bhindi grows Grows more than 4 feet and can spread 3 feet wide.
How hard is bhindi to grow?
How much sunlight does a bhindi need?
A bhindi prefers The plant require to be grown in full sun of at lease 6 hrs a day.
How much water does a bhindi need?
A bhindi prefers watering Ladys Finger can tolerate dry conditions. However, watering may be necessary during extended dry periods. It needs to be evenly moist throughout the growing season.
What kind of soil does a bhindi need?
Lady s Finger performs best in well-drained, fertile soils in full sun. Avoid wet, poorly drained sites. Soil pH is generally not a problem as okra grows well in soils that are slightly acidic to slightly alkaline (pH 6.5 to 7.5).
What temperature does a bhindi like?
How should I fertilize my bhindi?
Before planting, apply 1 to 2 pounds of an all-purpose garden fertilizer, such as 10-10-10.
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