Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is quite large, containing several hundred species that are native to warm-temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world.
Member species are often noted for their showy flowers and are commonly known simply as hibiscus, or less widely known as rose mallow. Hibiscus plants prefer a cozy fit when growing in a container. This means that they should be slightly root bound in the pot and when you do decide to re-pot, give the hibiscus only a little bit more room.The genus includes both annual and perennial herbaceous plants, as well as woody shrubs and small trees. Flowers may be up to 6 inches diameter, with colors ranging from yellow to peach to red. Hibiscus can be planted singly or grown as a hedge plant; they can also be pruned into a single-stemmed small tree. The flowers are attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds.Hibiscus are deciduous shrubs with dark green leaves; the plants can grow to 15 feet tall in frost-free areas. Flowers may be up to 6 inches diameter. Hibiscus can be planted singly or grown as a hedge plant; they can also be pruned into a single-stemmed small tree.
36 inch (91 cm)
7 inch (18 cm)
*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
Chinese hibiscus, Gurhal, Jaswand and tropical hibiscus
Maximum Reachable Height
The plants can grow to 15 feet tall in frost-free areas.
July to December
Easy to grow
Planting and care
Many people who are growing a hibiscus plant choose to do so in a container.
This allows them to move the hibiscus plant to ideal locations, depending on the time of year.
Hibiscus plants prefer a cozy fit when growing in a container.
Pruning will keep your plants looking healthy and stimulate blooms. Prune once per season, in the fall, although pruning can be done successfully in the spring if necessary.
This means that they should be slightly root bound in the pot and when you do decide to re-pot, give the hibiscus only a little bit more room.
Always make sure that your growing hibiscus plant has excellent drainage
Plant in spring, summer, or fall, spacing plants 3 to 6 feet apart. Dig a hole only as deep as the root ball and 2 to 3 times as wide. If your soil is in very poor condition, amend the soil you ve removed from the hole with a small amount of compost. Otherwise don t amend it at all.
Carefully remove the plant from the container and set it in the hole. Fill the hole half full with soil, then water it well to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets. Let the water drain, then fill the remainder of hole with soil and water thoroughly.
Full Sun to Partial Shade
Hibiscus like water but do not let it stand with wet feet. The soil needs to dry up between watering to protect from root rot. Make certain no excess water remains in the planter half an hour after watering. Pay particular attention to this for plants that are placed in a cool spot where the temperature stays below 60 degrees F (+16 degrees C).
It is important to retain from watering with cold water in winter.
Hibiscus want loamy but not too heavy soil. Regular quality potting soil with added compost is an ideal base.The soil should be coarse rather than fine. Watch out for soil that is mainly fine peat, it tends to compact in the pots, resulting in badly aerated roots.
Temperatures between 60 to 90 degrees F (16 to 32 degrees C)and cannot tolerate temps below 32 degrees F.
For prolific flowering, hibiscus must have regular feeding every week during the growth period, March-October. Water-soluble formulas can be used with every watering. Choose a fertilizer with a low phosphorous value: N (Nitrogen) 20 P (Phosphorous) 5 K (Kalium) 20 is close to ideal. Too much phosphorous makes for many fine leaves but few flowers.
Hibiscus also need trace elements, especially iron and magnesium.
July to December
Hibiscus special feature
This plant is used for an ornamental purpose
Used in many pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical preparations
Chinese eat this flower by making pickle
Jamaicans use this flower in herbal tea as it contains many minerals and vitamins
Dried hibiscus is edible, and it is often a delicacy in Mexico
It can also be candied and used as a garnish
Frequently Asked Questions
Will Hibiscus plant die in winter?
No,the Hibiscus will not die in winter, it may go in dormancy in extreme winter, it can tolerate temperature between 16-32 degrees C.
How long do Hibiscus plants live?
Hybrids Hibiscus may have lifespans of 5-10 years and some older garden varieties have a lifespan of more than 30 years.
Are Hibiscus plants perennials?
Hibiscus are perennial herbaceous plants, as well as woody shrubs and small trees and annual Hibiscus are also present but they are rare.
Why is my Hibiscus plant leaves turning yellow?
Hibiscus plant leaves turning yellow may be due to
1.Overwatering or less watering can result in Hibiscus leaves turning yellow.
2.Plant does not get proper sunlight. 3.Lack of Nutrient. 4.Disease infestation
How to grow Hibiscus plant in pot?
To grow plant in pot, choose a pot having of 7inch upper diameter and drainage holes. Put a few inches of soil in the new pot.
Water your plant thoroughly a day or two before you plan to pot.
Turn your plant sideways, hold it gently by the stems, and tap the bottom of its current container until the plant slides out.
Place the plant in new pot.
You need to put soil into the pot around the rootball. Don't overfill the pot - the soil line should be about 1 inch below the top of the pot.
Water the plant.
Can Hibiscus be planted in a pot?
Yes, To grow Hibiscus plant in pot, choose a pot having of 7-inch upper diameter and drainage holes
Can a Hibiscus plant be grown indoors?
Yes you can grow Hibiscus in indoor at Sunny window and balcony where they will get 4-6 hrs of sunlight
How big do Hibiscus plants get?
The Hibiscus plant can grow up to 4-5 meters in height.
Is Hibiscus plant poisonous to dogs?
No, Hibiscus plant is not poisonous to dog.
What insects attack Hibiscus plants?
Hibiscus are attacked by many insects like aphids, ants, mealybugs and spider mites.
How to plant Hibiscus tree?
1. To plant Hibiscus tree in pot, choose a pot having of 7-inch upper diameter and drainage holes. 2. Fill the 1/3 pot with well-drained soil rich in organic content and place the plant in the center of the pot.
3. Fill the remaining pot with same soil.
4. Keep the plant in indirect bright light location for 2-3 days and then gradually move to a location that receives 4-6 hours of direct sunlight. 5. Once the plant is overgrown in current pot, plant it in field. If you are planting purchased plant directly in ground follow below procedure. 1. Keep the plant in indirect bright light for 3-4 days and gradually move to a location receiving direct sunlight for more than 6 hours a day. 2. Dig a pit twice the size of the bag/pot the current plant is in. 3. Fill the 1/3 of pit with soil rich in organic content, place the plant in center and fill the pit with same soil. 4. Apply water General caring tips Plant should get 4-6 hours of sunlight a day. Water the plant when surface soil (1-2 inch) feels dry to touch. Apply any organic fertilizer during the main growing season Spring (February-March) and Summer (April-June).
How to care Hibiscus plant?
Hibiscus plants are easy to care, consider the following points
1.Sunlight- 4-6 hours direct bright light is ideal for flowering.
2.Soil - Well-drained fertile and nutrient-rich soil.
3. Water-Water the plant when 1-2 inch surface soil layer feels dry to touch.
4.Fertilizer - Apply any organic fertilizer once a month and immediately give water after applications of fertilizer.
Is Hibiscus indoor plant?
Hibiscus is not totally indoor plant, it requires minimum 4-6 hours of sunlight to grow and flower.
Should you trim Hibiscus plant?
Hibiscus plants can be lightly trimmed in late summer(April-June) to promote new shoots.
How to prune Hibiscus plant?
They should be prune about a third of the way back, leaving at least 2-3 nodes on the branches for new growth to emerge. These cuts should be made just above the nodes, leaving about a quarter inch. Remove any weak, diseased, or dead growth, as well as crossing or leggy branches.
Does Hibiscus plant need full sun?
Yes, Hibiscus plant need morning sunlight of 4-6 hours a day is ideal for flowering and plant grow well in bright light for rest of the day.
Why is my Hibiscus plant not blooming?
Make sure your Hibiscus plants get enough natural bright light and proper watering is also required for blooming plants. Nutrient deficiency also affect the blooming.
When do Hibiscus plants bloom?
Hibiscus bloom almost year-round but profusely blooms seen in spring(February-March) and summer(April-June).
Are Hibiscus plants evergreen?
Hibiscus plants are evergreen shrub, with glossy leaves and solitary, brilliant colorful flowers.