Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Although its place of origin is unknown because of long cultivation, it probably originated from lands around Iraq.
The species is widely cultivated and is naturalized in many tropical and subtropical regions worldwide.
Date trees typically reach about 21 to 23 metres (69 to 75 ft) in height, growing singly or forming a clump with several stems from a single root system. The leaves are 4 to 6 metres (13 to 20 ft) long, with spines on the petiole, and pinnate, with about 150 leaflets.The leaflets are 30 cm (12 in) long and 2 cm (0.79 in) wide. The full span of the crown ranges from 6 to 10 m (20 to 33 ft).Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. There is archaeological evidence of date cultivation in eastern Arabia between 5530 and 5320 calBC.They are believed to have originated around what is now Iraq, and have been cultivated since ancient times from Mesopotamia to prehistoric Egypt. The Ancient Egyptians used the fruits to make date wine, and ate them at harvest.
*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm,khajoor,
Maximum Reachable Height
Height: 1.00 to 3.00 feet
Spread: 0.50 to 1.00 feet
Planting and care
After planting date palms, you will need to follow good date palm tree care. In addition to irrigation and support, palms need good nutrient management and pest and disease control.
Manure makes an excellent fertilizer in early spring.
You can also use a palm tree fertilizer high in potassium.
Watch for pests and disease and deal with them quickly as they arise.
Once trees are established, you will rarely need to water them.
Date palms prefer dry soil and excess moisture can inhibit growth.
Keep weeds and turf away from the base in a radius of five feet.
In areas where production is possible, thin fruit by one-half.
This increases the size of fruit and ensures a crop the next year.
Tie the ripening clusters to an adjacent branch for support and use netting to protect the fruit from birds.
Date palm care
Date palms require well-drained deep sandy loam soils with pH 8-11.The soil should have the ability to hold the moisture.the soil should also be free from calcium carbonate.
Date palms require well-drained deep sandy loam soils with pH 8-11.The soil should have the ability to hold the moisture.the soil should also be free from calcium carbonate
Date palm growing requires temperatures above 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 C.) to survive. Pollination takes place at 95 degrees (35 C.) and fruits need dry, hot temperatures with warm nights.
Add a general purpose fertilizer before planting if the soil is poor. After the flowers have died off, cut the plant back to about six inches. Then add some general purpose fertilizer. This will promote new growth and a second bloom.
Where craft traditions still thrive, such as in Oman, the palm tree is the most versatile of all indigenous plants, and virtually every part of the tree is utilized to make functional items ranging from rope and baskets to beehives, fishing boats, and traditional dwellings
fruit is eaten called khajoor
syrup or jam is made from its fruit
Frequently Asked Questions
How to grow date palm in india?
Date palm is propagated by off shoots emerging from the base of palm and also grow from seeds but not followed due to germination issues.Consider the following points to grow palm. 1. Sunlight- More than 6 hours of direct bright sunlight is required. 2. Soil- Soil or potting mixture should be well drained, fertile and nutrient rich.
3. Water- Water the plant when 1-2 inch surface soil layer feels dry to touch. 4. Fertilizer - Apply any organic fertilizer during the main growing season(Sept-Oct).
Note - For further details check the product description on nurserylive.com
How fast do date palms grow?
Date palm grows 5-10 meter tall in 5 years and well maintained palm grows up to 24 meter.
When to prune date palm?
There is no any special pruning operation for Date palm but dead, brown fronds are removed timely.
How to make date palm grow faster?
To grow Date palm faster consider the following points1. Sunlight- More than 6 hours of direct bright sunlight is required. 2. Soil- Soil or potting mixture should be well drained, fertile and nutrient rich. 3. Water- Water the plant when 1-2 inch surface soil layer feels dry to touch. 4. Fertilizer - Apply any organic fertilizer during the main growing season(Sept-Oct). Note - For further details check the product description on nurserylive.com
Why date palms grow well in desert?
Date palm is the plant which require only little amount of water and requires high day and night temperature.The desert region provides all required climatic condition.
Why date palm is called the wonder tree?
Date palm is called wonder tree because we can use each part of tree for various purpose. Gum (exudes from wounds),roots,pollen is used for the treatment of various diseases.Its trunk used as timber, the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture, the leaflets for basketry, the leaf bases for fuel. Note- Please consult your health advisor before application or consuming of plants or plant parts
Where do date palms grow?
You can plant a Date palm preferably outdoors, in pot or in ground at a spot receiving below growing conditions for the plant - 1. Direct bright sunlight for more than 6 hours a day preferably in morning. 2. Soil should be nutrient rich and well drained. 3. Apply Water when soil (1-2 inch) feels dry to touch. 4. Once the plant is overgrown in current pot, plant it in field. Note - For further details check the product description on nurserylive.com
Are date palms edible?
Yes, Dates are eaten at various stages of maturity.
Do date palms need much water?
No, Date palm needs very less amount of water.Apply Water when soil (1-2 inch) feels dry to touch.
Can date palms survive a freeze?
No,Date palm is very sensitive to low temperature. The optimum temperature range is 28-35 degree Celsius.
When do date palm trees grow?
June-July is best time for planting Date palm.
What do date palms look like?
The Date palm is a flowering plant species in the Arecaceae family. Date palm grow tall and they take their fruit with them.The dates grows in great big clusters just underneath the palm fronds.
When do date palms produce fruit?
Date palm starts bearing fruits after 6 years from planting.
Is date palm and incomplete flower?
Yes, Date palm is dioecious in nature. It produces male and female flower on different plant.
Saturday, 25 January 2020
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