Mango, Aam ( Grown Through Seeds ) - Plant

The juicy, ripe mango fruit has a rich, tropical aroma and flavour that summons thoughts of sunny climates and sultry breezes.

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Mango, Aam ( Grown through seeds ) Plant

Description for Mango, Aam ( Grown through seeds )

Plant height: 21 - 33 inches (53 - 84 cm)
Plant spread: 5 - 9 inches (12 - 23 cm)

It has the considerable shelf life of a week after it is ripe making it exportable. It is also one of the most expensive kinds of mango and is grown mainly in western India.Mango is the leading fruit crop of India and considered to be the king of fruits.
The tropical fruit is called the "King of Fruits" in India. The tree has been around for more than 4000 years in India and was taken to South America by the Portuguese, other parts of South Asia by Indians and to other tropical regions by others.
A mango tree needs an ideal climate to grow. It is a tropical fruit and needs a lot of suns to grow and bear fruit.

Common name(s): Mango, Aamb
Flower colours: Whitish green
Bloom time: Spring, Summer
Max reachable height: Up to 10 to 80 ft
Difficulty to grow: Easy to grow

Planting and care

Planting is usually done in the month of July-August in rainfed areas and during February-March in irrigated areas. Planting spacing should be 10 X 10 m. Dig pits of 1 m x 1 m x 1 m. Fill in with topsoil mixed with 10 kg of FYM.

Sunlight: Full sunlight
Soil: Loamy, alluvial, well-drained, aerated and deep soils rich in organic matter with a pH range of 5.5 to 7.5
Water: Medium
Temperature: 20 to 35 degree C
Fertilizer: Applied any organic fertilizer or manure.

Caring for Mango

  • Choose the sunniest spot in your garden and dig a 12-inch deep hole.
  • If the plant is slightly bigger, then dig a slightly deeper hole.
  • Also, prepare the soil with fertilizers and plant feed before planting the tree.
  • Plant the tree deep and then pack the soil.
  • However, make sure that the soil is loosely packed to enhance water absorption.
  • Control the weed.

Harvesting

Spring, Summer

Typical uses of Mango

Special features: Mango delicious taste, excellent flavour and attractive fragrance, it is rich in vitamin A and C.The tree is hardy in nature and requires comparatively low maintenance costs.

Culinary use: Mango fruit is utilised at all stages of its development both in its immature and mature state. Raw fruits are used for making chutney, pickles and juices. The ripe fruits besides being used for dessert are also utilised for preparing several products like squashes, syrups, nectars, jams and jellies.
The mango kernel also contains 8-10 percent good quality fat which can be used for soap and also as a substitute for cola in confectionery.

Ornamental use: Mango plant can be used in the garden.

Medicinal use: Mango fruit rich the vitamin A.

References

  • http://agritech.tnau.ac.in/horticulture/horti_fruits_mango.html
  • http://nhb.gov.in/report_files/mango/mango.htm
  • http://www.agrifarming.in/mango-farming/