Garcinia indica, Kokum - Plant

Garcinia indica, Kokum is grown throughout in India for different benefits.

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About Garcinia indica

It spreads up to 6 m. A plant is with deep-green glossy leaves, 5.5 to 8 cm long and 2.5 to 3 cm broad. The flowers are fleshy, dark pink, solitary or in spreading cluster. The fruit is brownish or brownish-gray, marbled with yellow. A Kokum tree can bear hundreds of fruits during summer.

Generally, a mature plant yield 45 to 60 kg of fruits per tree can be expected per year.

Plant Specifications

*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
Common Name Goa butter tree, Kokum butter tree, Mangosteen, Kokum, Aagal
Maximum Reachable Height Up to 8 m
Flower Colour Light Pink
Bloom Time November to February
Difficulty Level Moderate to grow.

Planting and care

  • Irrigation should be done immediately after planting.
  • Reduce watering in the rainy season.
  • Mulching can be done by paddy straw or coconut leaves.
  • In the first year of planting, each plant should be given with farm-yard manure.

    Garcinia indica care

    Naturally, Garcinia indica is found in forest lands, riversides and wastelands. It generally requires hot humid climatic conditions. It thrives best in well-deep soils with good moisture holding capacity. Kokum planting can be carried out at the onset of monsoon. The distance of 5 m to 6 m between plants and rows is ideal.

    Sunlight Partial shade, full sun
    Watering Moderate
    Soil Lateritic, sandy, clay and loamy soils.
    Temperature 20 degrees C to 36 degrees C
    Fertilizer Use any organic fertilizer.
    Harvest Season The fruits are plucked when they are ripe. Grafts start bearing fruits from 4 to 5 years of planting or plants grown through seedlings will become ready for harvesting in 7 to 8 years of planting.

    Garcinia indica special feature

    It is indigenous to the Western Ghats region of India, along with the western coast.

    Garcinia indica uses

    Ornamental Use:

    • The tree is ornamental, with a dense canopy of leaves
    • It is good for Hedges and Borders

    Medicinal Use:

    • It has many many medicinal properties and used in home remedies
    • Note: Please consult your health expert

    Culinary Use:

    • The fruits are used to make squash and in other cuisines
    • It is added during the preparation of solkadhi, along with coconut milk

  • Frequently Asked Questions

    What is another name for a Garcinia indica?

    Garcinia indica is commonly known as Goa butter tree, Kokum butter tree, Mangosteen, Kokum, Aagal

    How tall do Garcinia indica grow?

    On average Garcinia indica grows Up to 8 m

    What color are Garcinia indica?

    A Garcinia indica plant bears flowers of color Light Pink

    When Garcinia indica blooms?

    With enough light, Garcinia indica may produce Light Pink flowers in November to February

    How hard is Garcinia indica to grow?

    A Garcinia indica is Moderate to grow.

    How much sunlight does a Garcinia indica need?

    A Garcinia indica prefers Partial shade, full sun

    How much water does a Garcinia indica need?

    A Garcinia indica prefers watering Moderate

    What kind of soil does a Garcinia indica need?

    A Garcinia indica prefers Lateritic, sandy, clay and loamy soils.

    What temperature does a Garcinia indica like?

    A Garcinia indica prefers 20 degrees C to 36 degrees C

    How often should I fertilize my Garcinia indica?

    To encourage Garcinia indica growth, Use any organic fertilizer.



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