Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is quite large, containing several hundred species that are native to warm-temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world.
Hibiscus plants prefer a cozy fit when growing in a container. This means that they should be slightly root bound in the pot and when you do decide to re-pot, give the hibiscus only a little bit more room. Always make sure that your growing hibiscus plant has excellent drainage.
The genus includes both annual and perennial herbaceous plants, as well as woody shrubs and small trees. Flowers may be up to 6 inches diameter. Hibiscus can be planted singly or grown as a hedge plant; they can also be pruned into a single-stemmed small tree.
The flowers are attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds. Hibiscus are deciduous shrubs with dark green leaves; the plants can grow to 15 feet tall in frost-free areas.
Planting and care
Plant in spring, summer, or fall, spacing plants 3 to 6 feet apart. Dig a hole only as deep as the root ball and 2 to 3 times as wide. If your soil is in very poor condition, amend the soil you ve removed from the hole with a small amount of compost. Otherwise don t amend it at all.
Carefully remove the plant from the container and set it in the hole. Fill the hole half full with soil, then water it well to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets. Let the water drain, then fill the remainder of hole with soil and water thoroughly.
Tropical Hibiscus are sun and heat loving, medium to large, tropical shrubs with excellent flower power and even some salt tolerance making them popular choices for warm inland as well as coastal climates.
Sunlight: Full Sun to Partial Shade
Soil: Regular quality potting soil with added compost is an ideal base.The soil should be coarse rather than fine.
Temperature: Temperatures between 60 to 90 degrees F. (16 to 32 degrees C.)
Fertilizer: For prolific flowering, hibiscus must have regular feeding once in 2 weeks during the growth period, March-October. Water-soluble formulas can be used with every watering.
Hibiscus also need trace elements, especially iron and magnesium.
Caring for Hibiscus
- Many people who are growing a hibiscus plant choose to do so in a container.
- This allows them to move the hibiscus plant to ideal locations, depending on the time of year.
- Hibiscus plants prefer a cozy fit when growing in a container.
- This means that they should be slightly root bound in the pot and when you do decide to re-pot, give the hibiscus only a little bit more room.
- Always make sure that your growing hibiscus plant has excellent drainage.
Typical uses of Hibiscus
Special features: Flowers
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: They are commonly successfully used as landscape shrubs in the warmer parts.
Medicinal use: NA