Jack Fruit, Kathal, Artocarpus Heterophyllus ( Grown through seeds ) Plant
Description for Jack Fruit, Kathal, Artocarpus Heterophyllus ( Grown through seeds )
Plant height: 19 - 29 inches
Plant spread: 4 - 6 inches
Jackfruit or Kathal (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is a plant which probably originated from the Western Ghats in India. Jackfruit tree is a tropical perennial fruit tree. This has flowers are borne on short branches extending from the trunk and older branches. This otherworldly looking oddity has a very thick, rubbery rind with short blunt spikes and up to 500 seeds. The average fruit is around 35 pounds. All parts of the jack-fruit tree produce opalescent, sticky latex and the tree has a very long tap-root.
Common name(s): Fanas, Jackfruit, Kathal
Flower colours: Pale green
Bloom time: Early Summer
Max reachable height: Up to 80 feet
Difficulty to grow: Easy to grow
Planting and care
Planting is usually done in the month of July-August in rainfed areas and during February-March in irrigated areas. Planting spacing should be 10 X 10 m. Dig pits of 1 m x 1 m x 1 m. Fill in with topsoil mixed with 10 kg of FYM.
Sunlight: Full sun
Soil: Rich, deep and somewhat porous soil.
Temperature: 25 to 35 degree C
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer.
Caring for Jack Fruit
Jackfruit care dictates the removal of dead wood and thinning of the growing jackfruit tree.
Pruning to keep the jackfruit at about 15 feet high will also facilitate harvesting.
Keep the tree roots damp but not wet.
Apply the organic fertilizer in the spring season.
Typical uses of Jack Fruit
Special features: Fruit shaped like an enormous kidney bean, they have pebbled and rough green skin, and their flavour is indescribable. They are sweet and mild and best served cold.
Culinary use: The pulp of the ripe fruit is eaten fresh or in syrup. Immature fruit is used for culinary purpose.
Medicinal use: Ripe fruit is a valuable source of carbohydrates with a lesser amount of calcium and phosphate.