Velvet bean is a vigorously growing and trailing legume species that is capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen which improves the soil fertility and benefits crops grown after it.

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About Velvet Bean

Velvet bean is a minor leguminous crop, many cultivars of which are suitable for the more humid regions of the tropics, while others, e. the Mauritius velvet bean, are suitable for dryland farming.

They can be grown successfully on soils unsuitable for cowpeas, but have the disadvantage of a longer growth period and are more difficult to thresh. Moreover, the seed is not highly valued for human or animal feeding, because of the prolonged soaking and, or, boiling required before it can be consumed safely. The leaves and vines make an excellent fodder.

Plant Specifications

*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
Common Name Mucuna
Maximum Reachable Height 15-30 feet.
Difficulty Level easy to grow

Velvet Bean care

The Velvet Bean produces little seed unless they are grown with an upright crop like corn so the vines can climb and bear their flowers where there is air circulation. This also avoids pod decay. Velvet Beans yield about 1,000 pounds of beans per acre.

Sunlight Sunny
Watering Velvet beans are often grown in the tropics and subtropics in areas with an average rainfall of between 1200-1500 mm/yr., or more.
Soil A wide range of soil types are suitable, including heavy clays, provided that they are well drained, since velvet beans cannot stand waterlogging with a pH of between 5-6.5.
Temperature A warm equable temperature of 20-30C throughout the growing period is preferred.
Fertilizer any organic fertilizer

Velvet Bean uses

Medicinal Use:

  • The possibility of utilizing velvet beans as a commercial source of L-dopa (which is relatively expensive to produce synthetically), used in the treatment of Parkinsons disease

Culinary Use:

  • Velvet beans can be used as a human foodstuff but require considerable care in their preparation, because of the toxic principle they contain
  • In many parts of Africa and Asia they are regarded as a famine food
  • The toxic principle can be removed by boiling and soaking the seeds in several changes of water
  • In parts of Asia, the seeds are sometimes roasted before being eaten
  • The immature pods and leaves are occasionally boiled and eaten as a vegetable

Frequently Asked Questions

What is another name for a Velvet Bean ?

Velvet Bean is commonly known as Mucuna

How tall do Velvet Bean grow?

On average Velvet Bean grows 15-30 feet.

How hard is Velvet Bean to grow?

A Velvet Bean is easy to grow

How much sunlight does a Velvet Bean need?

A Velvet Bean prefers Sunny

How much water does a Velvet Bean need?

A Velvet Bean prefers watering Velvet beans are often grown in the tropics and subtropics in areas with an average rainfall of between 1200-1500 mm/yr., or more.

What kind of soil does a Velvet Bean need?

A Velvet Bean prefers A wide range of soil types are suitable, including heavy clays, provided that they are well drained, since velvet beans cannot stand waterlogging with a pH of between 5-6.5.

What temperature does a Velvet Bean like?

A Velvet Bean prefers A warm equable temperature of 20-30C throughout the growing period is preferred.

How often should I fertilize my Velvet Bean ?

To encourage Velvet Bean growth, any organic fertilizer



Reviews

Saturday, 05 October 2019

Such a great variety of options!

Suresh Y

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