Ephedra vulgaris, is rigid and clustered. It grows about 30 cm high. It has a woody stem, branchlets are green, ascending, striate, smooth or slightly scabrid on the ridges. Leaves reduced to sheaths 2 cm long, 2-toothed. Male cones ovate, solitary or 2 to 3 together. Flowers are with 4 to 8 bracts round, obtuse, connate 1.
5 to 2 mm long. Female cones usually solitary 1 to 2. Flowers tubules exserted, straight. Fruit 7.5 to 10 mm long, ovoid, red sweet, edible. The taste strongly astringent and the odor is aromatic.
*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%