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Alders are beautiful, fast-growing and functional plants and deserve to be more widely grown in gardens.


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About Alnus rugosa

Alnus incana, commonly called European gray alder, is a large pyramidal tree that grows to 40-60' tall. It is native to Europe and the Caucasus.

Plant Specifications

*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
Common Name hazel alder
Maximum Reachable Height 15.00 to 25.00 feet
Flower Colour Purplish-brown (male) and green (female)
Bloom Time March-May
Difficulty Level easy to grow

Planting and care

Softwood cuttings taken in summer, treated with rooting promoter, and rooted under mist provide good starts; cuttings of mature wood taken soon after leaves fall also are reported to be effective. Two or three year-old seedlings are used for field planting.

Alnus rugosa care

and other disturbed sites. It grows abundantly in various soil types, from sandy to gravelly, loamy, clayey, and mucky, and it can tolerate periods of flooding as well as occasional droughts.

Sunlight Full sun to part shade
Watering Medium to wet
Soil well-drained soil
Fertilizer Apply any organic fertilizer

Alnus rugosa special feature

Speckled alder is used locally for fuel but the wood has no commercial value.

Alnus rugosa uses

Medicinal Use:

  • to treat anemia, as an emetic, a compress or wash for sore eyes, and a diaphoretic, for internal bleeding, urinary problems, sprains, bruises or backaches, itches, flux, and piles, to cure saddle gall in horses
  • When mixed with powdered bumblebees, it was used as an aid for difficult labor

Culinary Use:

  • Tea was made from alder to cure diarrhea and toothaches

Frequently Asked Questions

What is another name for a Alnus rugosa ?

Alnus rugosa is commonly known as hazel alder

How tall do Alnus rugosa grow?

On average Alnus rugosa grows 15.00 to 25.00 feet

What color are Alnus rugosa ?

A Alnus rugosa plant bears flowers of color Purplish-brown (male) and green (female)

When Alnus rugosa blooms?

With enough light, Alnus rugosa may produce Purplish-brown (male) and green (female) flowers in March-May

How hard is Alnus rugosa to grow?

A Alnus rugosa is easy to grow

How much sunlight does a Alnus rugosa need?

A Alnus rugosa prefers Full sun to part shade

How much water does a Alnus rugosa need?

A Alnus rugosa prefers watering Medium to wet

What kind of soil does a Alnus rugosa need?

A Alnus rugosa prefers well-drained soil

How often should I fertilize my Alnus rugosa ?

To encourage Alnus rugosa growth, Apply any organic fertilizer


Thursday, 03 October 2019

what are the dimensions of the pot?

Gauri Tewari Awasthi

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