About Horse nettle
Solanum elaeagnifolium (Silverleaf Nightshade, Prairie Berry, Silverleaf Nettle, White Horsenettle ) and Solanum carolinense L.(Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Carolina horsenettle, nightshade)
Silverleaf Nightshade gets its name from the silvery hairs that cover the plant, along with the nettle-like prickles. The leaves are 2-4 inches long, with wavy edges.
Flowers are violet-purple or white, about 2 cm across, with 5 petal-like lobes that are joined at the base, forming a triangular shape at the tip of each lobe.
Horse-nettle is not related to true nettles, but rather to nightshade, tomatoes, and potatoes. The horse nettle flower has five broad, pointed petals that form a somewhat star-shaped corolla.
*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
|Common Name ||Horse nettle, Apple of Sodom, Carolina horsenettle, Nightshade, Silverleaf Nightshade, Prairie Berry, Silverleaf Nettle, White Horsenettle |
|Maximum Reachable Height ||Up to 3 ft|
|Flower Colour ||White, Purple White, Purple|
|Bloom Time ||May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct |
|Difficulty Level ||Easy to grow|
Planting and care
The yellow fruits resemble small tomatoes and remain on the plant for months. They are said to be poisonous. The lavender, star-shaped flowers with yellow centers look attractive in the silvery foliage. But the plant is an aggressive, poisonous weed, spreading steadily from deep rootstocks; in a few states, it is classified as a noxious weed.
Horse nettle care
|Sunlight ||Full Sun|
|Soil ||Well-drained soil|
|Temperature ||68 degrees to 86 degrees F (20 degrees to 30 degrees C)|
|Fertilizer ||Apply any organic fertilizer |
Horse nettle special feature
Characteristics distinguishing horsenettle from other nightshades are its perennial spreading roots and prickly stems and leaves. Five thick stamens of Solanum carolinense seem to have a "beak" shape.
Horse nettle uses
- The plant is used for an ornamental purpose