Khirni (Manilkara hexandra) is a tree species in the tribe Sapoteae, in the Sapotaceae family
Manilkara hexandra is a slow-growing but fairly large evergreen species. Ceylon Iron Wood is a tree or a shrub, 3-12 m tall, with gray bark and smooth branchlets. Alternately arranged leaves are often closely clustered towards the end of branchlets, with conspicuous sca Leaf-stalks are 0.8-2 cm.
The leaf blade is obovate to obovate-elliptic, both surfaces smooth, base broadly wedge-shaped to obtuse. Flowers arise in fascicles in leaf axils. Berry is obovoid-oblong to ellipsoid.
||7 inch (18 cm)
||5 inch (13 cm)
*above specification are indicative only. actual dimensions may vary by +-10%
||Ceylon Iron Wood, milk tree, wedge-leaved ape flower, Khirni, Palu, Rayan
|Maximum Reachable Height
||White or light yellow
||Easy to grow
Planting and careStart with pruning shears for smaller growth. Use loppers, which look like giant, long-handle shears, for growth that is more than half an inch thick. A small pruning saw is handy, as it cuts on both the push and the pull.
It grows in tropical and temperate forests.
||Full Sun to Partial Shade
||24 degrees C to 33 degrees C
||Apply any organic fertilizer
Khirni special feature
A handsome Indian evergreen tree often planted as an ornamental for its fragrant white flowers that yield a perfume; source of very heavy hardwood used for railroad ties. In olden time, the very hard timber was used for making lances.
- The plant is used for an ornamental purpose
- The leaves are applied to the head in the form of a poultice for severe colds
- Oil from the seeds is used for sores, scabies, wounds, and rheumatism
- The root of this herb is often used as an antidote for snake poison
- The dried flowers are used for bleeding hemorrhoids and dysentery with mucus
- Fresh flowers are also prescribed for excessive thirst, excessive perspiration, cough, and for indigestion