Kaju - Plant
Description for Kaju
It is a small evergreen tree growing to 10 to 12 m tall, with a short, often irregularly-shaped trunk. The leaves are spirally arranged, leathery textured, elliptic to obovate.
The flowers are produced in a panicle or corymb up to 26 cm long, each flower small, pale green at first then turning reddish, with five slender, acute petals. Actually, the drupe develops first on the tree, and then the peduncle expands into the pseudofruit. Within the true fruit is a single seed, the cashew nut. Although a nut in the culinary sense, in the botanical sense the fruit of the cashew is a seed.
|Common name||Flower colours||Bloom time||Height||Difficulty|
|Cashew, kaju||Pale green at first then turning reddish||November to April||6 to 12 m||Easy to grow|
Planting and care
While the cashew plant is native to northeast Brazil, the Portuguese took it to Goa, India, between 1560 and 1565. From there it spread throughout Southeast Asia and eventually Africa. It is now widely grown in tropical climates for its cashew nuts.
|Full Sun to Partial Shade||Well-drained soil||Less||20 degrees c||Use any organic fertilizer.|
Caring for Kaju
- Cashews grow best in sandy soils, but sandy soils do not hold much water and are generally not very fertile. The trees will still do fine without additional attention.
- However, if a good crop is important to you then you need to supply your cashew trees with additional water and fertilizer.
- Irrigate during dry periods, and fertilize the trees when they actively grow, as well as during flowering and nut development. (They will mainly need nitrogen and phosphorus, and possibly zinc.)
Typical uses of Kaju
Special features: The cashew apple looks very attractive with its red cheeks. It s high in Vitamin C, refreshing, very juicy, but a bit acidic. And it leaves a furry feeling in your mouth.
Culinary use: Fruits and seeds are edible
Ornamental use: Flowers are showy
Medicinal use: Nutritious