Mehndi is a traditional body art using the natural dye of henna plants, scientifically named Lawsonia inermis. The green henna leaves, particularly their central vein, are the source of a reddish-orange dye used for makeup, hair dying and body art. This plant is native to extremely hot regions and will tolerate periods of drought.
It is ideal as a houseplant in cooler regions or may be grown as a large, flowering shrub for the landscape. In the wild, henna plants grow near desert oasis and semiarid regions.
Color: The flowers grow in fragrant clusters in colors including red, white, pink or yellow.
Bloom time: Flowering usually does not take place until the plants are five or six years of age.
Height: 1.8 to 7.6 m tall (6 to 25 ft).
Difficulty level: Easy
Planting & Care
Henna, Lawsonia inermis, is a small desert tree. But, you can grow the henna plant in your home as well. It is generally an outdoor plant. If you prefer to keep it indoors, then make sure that you place it where there is direct sunlight falling on the plant. This is because the henna plant grows well in hot climate. The effort you put into growing a henna plant will be worth when you consider the benefit of replacing harsh chemicals with natural henna from your garden.
Sunlight: Place the plant in the hottest location of your house, or set outdoors in full sun.
Soil: Henna in constantly moist soil suffers from aphids, root rot and scale.
Water: It is recommended to keep a well-drained soil for the proper growth of the henna plant. Allowing the soil to get dried in between each watering cycle will allow the plants to grow well. Generally, watering is needed only when the soil is dry.
Temprature: Not below 50F or 11 C.
Fertilizer: Applying fertilizers will help you to get a good leaf supply. You may use the leaves of the plants for making dye once the plant starts to produce thorns. You may use fertilizers by mixing with water or mixing with soil.
- Propagation from seeds: Sow the seeds in soil, which is commonly having the characteristics suitable for planting cactus.
- Sow the seeds in a pot, and keep it in direct sunlight.
- You may transfer it to the ground after the process of germination.
- Propagation from stem: Stem cuttings are commonly used to plant a henna plant.
- Cut the stem at the node and insert it to a few centimetres down into the ground or into the pot.
- Remember to keep some leaves above the surface.
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