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Greater Cardamom, Badi Elaichi - Plant

Greater Cardamom, Badi Elaichi - Plant
Note: The image is for reference purpose only. The actual product may vary in shape or appearance based on climate, age, height etc.
Cardamom/Ilaichi/Elaichi is referred as-Queen of Spices. It is actually a dried fruit of a tall perennial plant.
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Greater Cardamom, Badi Elaichi Plant

Description for Greater Cardamom, Badi Elaichi

Plant height: 14 - 22 inches
Plant spread:

Tall, perennial, evergreen plant with rhizomes, about 90-100 cm height;leaves oblong lanceolate, 30-60 cm in length, shoots formed by long sheath-like stalks encircling one another;spikes globose, very dense and shortly peduncled;spikes areglobose, very dense and shortly peduncled;flowers white in colour;Fruit capsules 2.5 cm long, irregular obcordate, echinate, trilocular, dark red-brown in color, containing severalaromatic seeds in each cell which held together by a pulp.

Common name(s): genera Elettaria,cardamom, Baara aliach, Mothi Elayachi
Flower colours: parple
Bloom time: April to May
Max reacahble height: 6.00 to 15.00 feet
Difficulty to grow:: Moderate to Hard

Planting and care

Best time for planting cardamom is in monsoons i.e. from June to July. Light drizzles and cloudy days best suited for its planting.

Sunlight: Full Sun
Soil: well-drained soil
Water: Medium to wet
Temperature: 15°C to 35°C
Fertilizer: Apply any organic fertilizer

Caring for Greater Cardamom

    Frequent watering 1 week to 2 weeks interval is required during the hot summer months.
    Make sure the soil has enough moisture level all the time(at least 45-50%).
    Overhead irrigation process/method is best suited to Cardamom plantations.

Harvesting

Cardamom starts to bear fruit from the third year after planting.

Typical uses of Greater Cardamom

Special features: Cardamom fruits are called capsules. Inside the fruits there are seeds of the plant, which are actually used as spice.
Cardamom leaves also emit aroma when you rub them, you can also make tea of them.

Culinary use: Cardamom has a strong, unique taste, with an intensely aromatic, resinous fragrance.
It is a common ingredient in Indian cooking.

Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose.

Medicinal use: It has been traditionally used as an appetizer, a digestant as well as an antispasmodic as recommended by Indian Ayurveda.
It stimulates the heart and has also been used as an expectorant. The seeds are also used as constituents of mouthwashes.

References

  • https://www.bimbima.com/ayurveda/greater-cardamom-benefits-and-medicinal-uses/359/
  • http://balconygardenweb.com/how-to-grow-cardamom-growing-cardamom-elaichi/
  • http://www.agrifarming.in/cardamom-farming/

What Customer says ?

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5 / 5 Anjali 22 June 2018
Where did you get the round plant stands with the feet on them?
5 / 5 parag 14 June 2018
Easy plant to grow quickly and provide the rooms with a colourful leaf display
5 / 5 Pukhrambam Kavita 14 June 2018
This plant can be grown anywhere in the house in?indirect sunlight.
5 / 5 Sunaina Raj 06 June 2018
Can i keep it in my ac room?
5 / 5 Pranali Patwardhan 31 May 2018
Fresh and beautiful, Must buy!

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