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Greater Cardamom, Badi Elaichi - Plant

Note: The image is for reference purpose only.
Cardamom/Ilaichi/Elaichi is referred as-Queen of Spices. It is actually a dried fruit of a tall perennial plant.
Medicinal Plants
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Description for Greater Cardamom, Badi Elaichi

Tall, perennial, evergreen plant with rhizomes, about 90-100 cm height;leaves oblong lanceolate, 30-60 cm in length, shoots formed by long sheath-like stalks encircling one another;spikes globose, very dense and shortly peduncled;spikes areglobose, very dense and shortly peduncled;flowers white in colour;Fruit capsules 2.5 cm long, irregular obcordate, echinate, trilocular, dark red-brown in color, containing severalaromatic seeds in each cell which held together by a pulp.

Common name Flower colours Bloom time Height Difficulty
genera Elettaria,cardamom, Baara aliach, Mothi Elayachi parple April to May 6.00 to 15.00 feet Moderate to Hard

Planting and care

Best time for planting cardamom is in monsoons i.e. from June to July. Light drizzles and cloudy days best suited for its planting.

Sunlight Soil Water Temperature Fertilizer
Full Sun well-drained soil Medium to wet 15°C to 35°C Apply any organic fertilizer

Caring for Greater Cardamom

    Frequent watering 1 week to 2 weeks interval is required during the hot summer months.
    Make sure the soil has enough moisture level all the time(at least 45-50%).
    Overhead irrigation process/method is best suited to Cardamom plantations.

Harvesting

Cardamom starts to bear fruit from the third year after planting.

Typical uses of Greater Cardamom

Special features: Cardamom fruits are called capsules. Inside the fruits there are seeds of the plant, which are actually used as spice.
Cardamom leaves also emit aroma when you rub them, you can also make tea of them.

Culinary use: Cardamom has a strong, unique taste, with an intensely aromatic, resinous fragrance.
It is a common ingredient in Indian cooking.

Ornamental use: The plant is used for ornamental purpose.

Medicinal use: It has been traditionally used as an appetizer, a digestant as well as an antispasmodic as recommended by Indian Ayurveda.
It stimulates the heart and has also been used as an expectorant. The seeds are also used as constituents of mouthwashes.

References

  • https://www.bimbima.com/ayurveda/greater-cardamom-benefits-and-medicinal-uses/359/
  • http://balconygardenweb.com/how-to-grow-cardamom-growing-cardamom-elaichi/
  • http://www.agrifarming.in/cardamom-farming/

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What garden lovers say ... ?

4 / 5 Nishi Saxena 30 August 2017
can you supply marble or terracotta rectangular pot?
5 / 5 Ratna Jyoti Das Kalita 19 August 2017
Thanks Nurserylive. i could not get this product in my area without you!
5 / 5 Kritika Hr 07 August 2017
Plant came securely packed.Plant is good, no brown leaves. Hope it grows well
More reviews
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