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Description for Diptocarpus turbinatus
Garjan is a lofty tree, about 35 m tall. The bark is gray or dark brown, shallowly longitudinally fissured and flaky. Branchlets are hairless. Leaf buds are sickle-shaped. Buds and young twigs densely gray velvety. Stipules are 2-6 cm long, densely, shortly dark grayish or dark yellow velvety. Leaf stalks are 2-3 cm, densely gray velvety or hairless.
The leaf blade is ovate-oblong, 20-30 cm long, 8-13 cm wide, leathery, smooth or sparsely velvety. Lateral veins are 15-20 pairs conspicuously raised on the underside. The base is rounded or somewhat heart-shaped. The margin is entire or sometimes wavy. The tip is pointed or long-pointed. Flowers are borne in racemes in leaf axils, 3-6-flowered. Sepals are 2 linear, 3 shorter. Stamens are about 30 - anthers linear-lance-shaped, connective appendages threadlike.
The ovary is densely velvety. The style is silvery gray velvety on the lower half. The nut is ovoid or narrowly ovoid, densely velvety. Flowering: March-April.Gurjun tree is cultivated in India and China as a perfume as well as the therapeutic plant. It is also used as a substitute for crude paint material.
The leaves, wood and the resin of this tree have been in use in various Complementary and Alternative Medical systems for treating psoriasis, gonorrhea, bronchitis, leprosy, asthma and certain other skin disorders.
Planting and care
Caring for Diptocarpus turbinatus
Typical uses of Diptocarpus turbinatus
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