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Description for American linden
The genus name, Tilia, is the Latin name for the linden or lime tree (no relation to the citrus tree). Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus, who developed the system of binomial nomenclature, took his name from a large linden tree on his family's property.
Planting and care
American Lindens commonly grow anywhere from 40 to 50 feet, but are capable of growing to 100 to 150 feet at maturity.
Their spread is typically about 2/3rds their height.
These trees are notable for their large, dense canopy making them superb shade trees.
Their branching begins relatively low to the ground on the multiple trunks that commonly form just above ground level.
Medium-fast growers, they can be expected to grow 30 feet in 10 years.
Caring for American linden
- This tree will develop to its full potential if given full sun and rich, moist, well-drained soil.
- American linden will tolerate clay, a wide pH range and partial shade. It is noted for its adaptability.
- Japanese beetles feed heavily on its foliage.
- Its narrow crotches and soft wood can make the American linden susceptible to storm damage.
Typical uses of American linden
Special features: Because it is a source of bast, the common name "basswood" is derived.
Culinary use: Oil from the linden seed pod has been extracted and used as a substitute for olive oil.
Ornamental use: The fibrous, pliable inner bark (bast) was a significant source of fiber for ropes, cords, mats and nets.
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