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American elderberry, Simbucus - Plant

american elderberry, simbucus - plant title=
Note: The image is for reference purpose. Actual plant height will be 0.5 to 3ft.
elderberry, black elder, European elder
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Elderberries are popular for their unusual taste in pies, jellies, and jams. They are occasionally used in winemaking. The plants are very hardy (usually to Zone 4 but some kinds to Zone 3), and because they flower in late June, the crop is seldom damaged by late spring frost.

Common name: elderberry, black elder, European elder,
Color: white or cream-colored flowers
Bloom time: June to July
Height: 5.00 to 8.00 feet
Difficulty level: easy to grow

Planting & Care
Elderberries grow best in moist, fertile, well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5, but will tolerate a wide range of soil texture, fertility, and acidity. It s a myth that they prefer swampy areas. In fact, they do not tolerate poor drainage. Plant elderberries in spring, as soon as possible after they arrive from the nursery to prevent plants from drying out

Sunlight: Full sun to part shade

Soil: well-drained soil

Water: Medium to wet

Temprature: Room temperature

Fertilizer: Elderberries respond well to fertilization. In addition to incorporating manure or compost before planting, apply additional fertilizer annually in early spring. Apply 1/8 pound of ammonium nitrate (or .5 lbs. 10-10-10) for each year of the plant s age, up to one pound per plant (or up to 4 lbs. 10-10-10).

Care:
  • The most difficult problem faced when growing elderberries is weed control.
  • Because they have shallow roots, do not cultivate deeper than 2 inches.
  • After the first year, it is best to avoid disturbing the soil at all because the slightest injury can damage the fibrous root system or kill one of the new upright shoots.

  • Use a combination of pulling weeds by hand while they are still small, mowing and mulching to control weeds without disturbing the elderberry roots.
  • Once you develop a thick hedgerow of plants, elderberries can suppress weeds quite well.


Special Feature:
Elderberries are one of the easiest and most versatile shrubs to grow in your edible landscape
Use
Medicinal use:
  • Medicinal Herbs Uses

Culinary use:
  • Berries

Ornamental use:
  • Group or mass in naturalized areas where suckering spread may be appreciated.
  • Good accent shrub featuring deeply incised leaves, attractive flowers and interesting fruits.
  • Landscape specimen, shrub borders, screens, backgrounds, stream/pond peripheries or low spots.
  • Good sprawling hedge.


Note:
for medicinal use, please consult appropriate doctor / physian befor use.

Reference:
http://www.fruit.cornell.edu/mfruit/elderberries.html http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=267172&isprofile=0& http://garden.org/ediblelandscaping/?page=july_elderberry
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