Acorus Calamus, Vekhand - Plant
Description for Acorus Calamus, Vekhand
The scented leaves and more strongly scented rhizomes have traditionally been used medicinally and to make fragrances, and the dried and powdered rhizome has been used as a substitute for ginger, cinnamon and nutmeg.
Its flowers are insignificant, but its leaves are aromatic and resemble the foliage of an iris. Sweet flag makes a striking statement at the shallow end of a pool, in a bog garden, or in a marshy woodland area.
|Common name||Flower colours||Bloom time||Height||Difficulty|
|beewort, bitter pepper root, calamus root, flag root, gladdon, myrtle flag, myrtle grass, myrtle root, myrtle sedge, pine root, sweet flag||Green||Summer||Height: 2.00 to 2.50 feet Spread: 1.50 to 2.00 feet||Easy|
Planting and care
Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Grows well in both boggy conditions (including shallow standing water to 9â€ deep) and consistently moist garden soils.
In water gardens, plant rhizomes slightly below the soil surface in moist soils at the waterâ€™s edge or in containers set in shallow water. Rhizomes or existing clumps may also be planted in containers sunk into wet boggy areas to help prevent any possible aggressive spread.
|Full sun to part shade||Needs to grow in water less than 9 inches deep or in very moist soil.||Medium to wet||10 to 38Â°C||Use a slow release, medium-rate fertilizer|
Caring for Acorus Calamus
- Keep evenly moist-wet; prefers moisture, do not allow to dry out.
Possible pests: aphids, occasional leaf spot, snails and slugs.
Needs to grow in water less than 9 inches deep or in very moist soil.
Plant in containers to control spread if desired.
Divide every three or four years, at the beginning of the growing season.
They are harvested in late autumn or early spring and are dried for later use.
Typical uses of Acorus Calamus
Special features: The essential oil is an insect repellent and insecticide. It is effective against houseflies.
When added to rice being stored in granaries it has significantly reduced loss caused by insect damage because the oil in the root has sterilized the male rice weevils.
The leaves and the root have a refreshing scent of cinnamon. All parts of plant can be dried and used to repel insects or to scent linen cupboards.
Culinary use: The rhizome is candied and made into a sweetmeat. It can be peeled and washed to remove the bitterness and then eaten raw like a fruit. It can also be used as a flavouring.
The dried and powdered rhizome has a spicy flavour and is used as a substitute for ginger, cinnamon and nutmeg.
The leaves can be used to flavour custards in the same way as vanilla pods. The inner portion of young stems is eaten raw. It makes a very palatable salad.
Ornamental use: The leaves are used in basket making or woven into mats. They have also been used as a thatch for roofs.
An essential oil from the rhizome is used in perfumery and as a food flavouring.
Medicinal use: The root is used internally in the treatment of digestive complaints, bronchitis, sinusitis etc. It is said to have wonderfully tonic powers of stimulating and normalizing the appetite.
It is a folk remedy for arthritis, cancer, convulsions, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, epilepsy etc. Chewing the root is said to kill the taste for tobacco.
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What garden lovers say ... ?
Absolutely superb in every way
Beautiful plant, arrived in very good condition. Impressive packing. Looking forward to buy one more
What can i do to maintain my plant?