Iris (Red) - Bulbs
Description for Iris (Red)
Irises are perennial plants, growing from creeping rhizomes or, in drier climates, from bulbs. They may be bearded or beardless. They have long, erect flowering stems which may be simple or branched, solid or hollow, and flattened or circular.
The rhizomatous species usually have 3 to 10 basal sword-shaped leaves growing in dense clumps. The bulbous species have cylindrical, basal leaves. The inflorescences are in the shape of a fan and contain one or more symmetrical six-lobed flowers.
|Common name||Flower colours||Bloom time||Height||Difficulty|
|Iris||Red||Late winter, early spring to summer||Up to 4 feet||Easy to grow|
Planting and care
They are best planted in September to December in warm sunny positions or in the autumn. Bark chips, peat, or any good moisture-retaining mulch will be a big help. Iris rhizomes/bulbs should not be buried completely underground, but instead, they should remain exposed at the surface. They need at least six hours of direct sunlight in most climates.
|Full sun||Well-drained soil||Medium||14 to 24 degrees C||Fertilize in early spring with an all-purpose fertilizer scratched in around the plants, avoiding direct contact.|
Caring for Iris
- Mulch their roots to help them retain moisture during warm dry periods.
- Using a garden knife, cut out any soft, mushy parts of the rhizome/bulb that seem to have rotted.
- Every three to five years Bearded Iris tend to become overcrowded and the rhizomes should be divided.
- Do not overwater.
- After hard frost in the fall, cut the foliage back hard, remove any foliage that appears spotted or yellowed and dispose all the debris.
Typical uses of Iris
Special features: Flowers
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: Iris is extensively grown as an ornamental plant in a home and botanical gardens.
Medicinal use: NA
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