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Casuarina Equisetifolia, Australian pine tree - 0.5 Kg Seeds

Casuarina equisetifolia is an evergreen tree and has a conifer-like appearance.
Sales price 1,889
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Description for Casuarina Equisetifolia, Australian pine tree

The foliage of this perennial plant consists of slender, much branched green to grey-green twigs, bearing minute scale-leaves in whorls of 6 to 8. The flowers are produced in small catkin-like inflorescences. It is monoecious, with male and female flowers produced on the same tree. Seed germination rate is approximately 50 %.

Common name Flower colours Bloom time Height Difficulty
Whistling Pine, Casuarina, Common Ironwood, Beefwood, Bull-oak, Jungli Saru Inconspicuous (Light brown) Male flowers by second year and females a little later. Up to 35 m Easy to grow

Planting and care

It grows along sandy coasts and coastal forests naturally. It can be propagated by seed. Seeds can be sown without pre-treatment but should be protected from ants. Each bed of ten square meters is sown with 400 to 500 g of clean seed. The seed should be mixed with fine sand and broadcasted on the beds.

They should be covered lightly with hay and watered twice a day. In about ten to 15 days, the germination is almost complete. Light watering twice a day be continued thereafter for a month or till the seedlings are of 10cm. Plants are typically suitable for out-planting when 25 to 30 cm tall.

Sunlight Soil Water Temperature Fertilizer
Full sun Well-Drained Soils, Saline, Loose, Fine Soils Moderate. The irrigation is required for once in every 10 to 15 days. 16 to 45 degrees C Use any organic fertilizer.

Caring for Casuarina Equisetifolia

  • Acclimatize slowly, avoid a sudden change in environmental parameters.
  • Be careful to water the plants regularly during the first two years following planting.
  • Do watering is done along with the planting.
  • Organic insecticides such as biocide are highly effective to get rid of moths (parasites).
  • The area should be cleared off all the debris and miscellaneous growth if any.

Harvesting

NA

Typical uses of Casuarina Equisetifolia

Special features: It has a strong resistance to high winds and can thus be used as a windbreak.

Culinary use: The seeds are roasted for salt. The leaves and green fruit were chewed to stimulate salivation to quench thirst.

Note: Please consult your health expert.

Ornamental use: The tree is commonly grown as an ornamental.

Medicinal use: Bark and twigs are used in ayurvedic preparations.

Note: Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.

References

  • http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2705446
  • http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Whistling%20Pine.html
  • https://florafaunaweb.nparks.gov.sg/Special-Pages/plant-detail.aspx?id=2793
  • http://www.tnau.ac.in/fcri/Technologies_files/casuarina.pdf

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