Description for Casuarina Equisetifolia, Australian pine tree
The foliage of this perennial plant consists of slender, much branched green to grey-green twigs, bearing minute scale-leaves in whorls of 6 to 8. The flowers are produced in small catkin-like inflorescences. It is monoecious, with male and female flowers produced on the same tree. Seed germination rate is approximately 50 %.
Planting and care
It grows along sandy coasts and coastal forests naturally. It can be propagated by seed. Seeds can be sown without pre-treatment but should be protected from ants. Each bed of ten square meters is sown with 400 to 500 g of clean seed.
The seed should be mixed with fine sand and broadcasted on the beds.
They should be covered lightly with hay and watered twice a day. In about ten to 15 days, the germination is almost complete. Light watering twice a day be continued thereafter for a month or till the seedlings are of 10cm. Plants are typically suitable for out-planting when 25 to 30 cm tall.
Caring for Casuarina Equisetifolia
- Acclimatize slowly, avoid a sudden change in environmental parameters.
- Be careful to water the plants regularly during the first two years following planting.
- Do watering is done along with the planting.
- Organic insecticides such as biocide are highly effective to get rid of moths (parasites).
- The area should be cleared off all the debris and miscellaneous growth if any.
Typical uses of Casuarina Equisetifolia
Special features: It has a strong resistance to high winds and can thus be used as a windbreak.
Culinary use: The seeds are roasted for salt. The leaves and green fruit were chewed to stimulate salivation to quench thirst.
Note: Please consult your health expert.
Ornamental use: The tree is commonly grown as an ornamental.
Medicinal use: Bark and twigs are used in ayurvedic preparations.
Note: Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
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Good germination, no waste any seed.
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